PESTLE Insights: South Korea – Macroeconomic Outlook Report

Mining, manufacturing and utilities contributed 33.5% to the gross value added (GVA) in 2019, followed by financial intermediation, real estate and business activities (19.3%), and wholesale, retail and hotels (11%).

In 2018, Seoul, Gyeonggi-do, and Gyeongsangnam-do contributed 52.8% to the country’s GDP and were home to 50.6% of the South Korea’s population


– According to the World Bank's logistics performance index (LPI), transport and logistic infrastructure in South Korea deteriorated over the last two years with a decline in its ranking from 24th in 2016 to 25th out of 160 countries in 2018

– The overall KOSPI composite index exhibits a sharp decline in March 2020 as COVID-19 affected South Korean economic activity, eventually recovering in April 2020. The KOSPI index declined to 1,947.6 on April 29 2020 compared to 2,216.4 on April 29 2019

Reasons to buy

- Macroeconomic Outlook Report identifies the potentials of the country as an investment destination by analyzing the political, economic, social, technological, legal and environmental (PESTLE) structure.

- PESTLE Insights provides 360 degree view of the economy which can be used as a strategic tool to understand the market dynamics, business potentials and direction of operations

- Along with providing the country’s snapshot, the report captures the risk factors pertaining to the macroeconomic risks, political environment, legal environment, demographic and social structure effectiveness, technology & infrastructure and natural and geographic aspects that might impact business.

- This report also highlights key clusters/cities which contribute significantly to the country GDP and population along with major companies’ presence in these areas.

Companies mentioned




KIA Motors

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

List of Exhibits

Did you Know?

Country Highlights

COVID-19 Impact

Country Snapshot

PESTLE Insights

Political Landscape

Economic Landscape

Social Landscape

Technological Landscape

Legal Landscape

Environmental Landscape


List of Figures

List of Figures

Exhibit 1: South Korea’s Performance in Country Risk Analysis in Comparison to Asia Pacific and the World

Exhibit 2: Performance Overview (Score: 1-100)

Exhibit 3: Broad Categories and Weights behind the Index

EXHIBIT 4: KOSPI Composite Index (^KS11)

Exhibit 5: Key Sectors Contribution to the Economy (2015-2022f)

Exhibit 6: FDI inflows and Outflows (March 2018-September 2019) and FDI by Industry (2014-2018)

Exhibit 7: FDI by Continent and Country (2014-2018)

Exhibit 8: Key Infrastructure Indicators

Exhibit 9: Real GDP and Household Consumption Growth Rate (2015-2022f)

Exhibit 10: Real GDP Growth Rate Comparison (2019)

Exhibit 11: Export, Import and Trade Balance (2012-2019)

Exhibit 12: Current Account Balance (2012-2019e)

Exhibit 13: Top Three Commodity Exports, % of Total Exports, 2016-2019

Exhibit 14: Electrical Machinery and Equipment, % of World Total, 2018

Exhibit 15: Interest Rates (January 2012-April 2020)

Exhibit 16: Exchange Rate and Inflation (2015-2022f)

Exhibit 17: Public Finance (2015-2022f)

Exhibit 18: General Government Gross Debt (2015-2022f)

Exhibit 19: Employment/Unemployment (2015-2022f)

Exhibit 20: Average Annual Wages (2015-2022f)

Exhibit 21: Labour Cost Index (2015-2022f)

Exhibit 22: Rural/Urban Share in Total Population (1995, 2005, 2015, 2025)

Exhibit 23: Age-group Share of Total Population (1995, 2005, 2015, 2025)

Exhibit 24: Gender Split (1995, 2005, 2015, 2025)

Exhibit 25: Internet Users % of Total Population, Mobile and Broadband Penetration Rate, 2019e

Exhibit 26: Number of Patents Granted Per Mn Population, 2019

Exhibit 27: High-technology Exports (% of manufactured exports) 2018

Exhibit 28: Doing Business in South Korea 2020

Exhibit 29: Corruption Perception Index (Rankings) 2019

Exhibit 30: CO2 Emissions (2012-2017)


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