PESTLE Insights: Romania – Macroeconomic Outlook Report

Bucuresti-Ilfov, Sud-Muntenia, Nord-Vest and Centru contributed 62.35% to the country’s GDP and comprised 51.88% of Romania’s population in 2016

FDI inward flow to Romania remained strong in 2018, during the rolling 12 months ending November with y-o-y growth of 8.57%

Mining, manufacturing, and utilities contributed 26.3% to the gross value added (GVA) in 2018, followed by financial intermediation, real estate and business activities with 18.6%, as per the estimations of GlobalData. In nominal terms, the two sectors are expected to grow by 6.8% and 6.6%, respectively, in 2019.


– Romania improved its rank to 48th out of 160 countries as per the World Bank's logistics performance index (LPI) 2018, from 60th position in 2016 LPI index. Its infrastructure spending remains one of the major drivers of its economic growth.

– The BET Index, widely considered a benchmark of stocks listed in the Bucharest Stock Exchange (BSE), is a capitalization weighted index comprising 10 most liquid stocks listed on the BSE tier 1. The index has exhibited a declining trend over past one year.

– As of January 28, 2019, the SSE Composite Index stood at 7,053.67, compared to 8,413.46 in January 25, 2018.

Reasons to buy

- Macroeconomic Outlook Report identifies the potentials of the country as an investment destination by analyzing the political, economic, social, technological, legal and environmental (PESTLE) structure.

- PESTLE Insights provides 360 degree view of the economy which can be used as a strategic tool to understand the market dynamics, business potentials and direction of operations

- Along with providing the country’s snapshot, the report captures the risk factors pertaining to the macroeconomic risks, political environment, legal environment, demographic and social structure effectiveness, technology & infrastructure and natural and geographic aspects that might impact business.

- This report also highlights key clusters/cities which contribute significantly to the country GDP and population along with major companies’ presence in these areas.

Companies mentioned

Blue Air

CEC Bank

Auto Net


Table of Contents

Table of Contents

List of Exhibits

Did You Know?

Country Highlights

Country Snapshot

PESTLE Insights

Political Landscape

Economic Landscape

Social Landscape

Technological Landscape

Legal Landscape

Environmental Landscape


List of Figures

List of Figures

Exhibit 1: Romania’s Performance in terms of its Country Risk Analysis in Comparison to Eastern Europe and the World

Exhibit 2: Performance Overview (Score: 1-100)

Exhibit 3: Broad Categories and Weights Behind the Index

Exhibit 4: Bucharest Exchange Trading Index (BETI)

Exhibit 5: Key Sectors’ Contribution to the Economy (2014-2021f)

Exhibit 6: Total FDI Inflows (2013-2017), FDI by Sector (2017), and Leading FDI by Industry (2017)

Exhibit 7: FDI by Country of Origin and Recipient Region (2017)

Exhibit 8: Key Infrastructure Indicators

Exhibit 9: Real GDP and Household Consumption Growth Rate (2014-2021f)

Exhibit 10: Real GDP Growth Rate Comparison (2017)

Exhibit 11: Export, Import and Trade Balance (2014-2021f)

Exhibit 12: Current Account Balance (2014-2021f)

Exhibit 13: Top Three Commodity Exports, % of Total Exports (2013-2017)

Exhibit 14: Electrical Machinery and Equipments, % of World Total (2017)

Exhibit 15: Interest Rates (January 2013 – January 2019)

Exhibit 16: Exchange Rate (2014-2021f)

Exhibit 17: Public Finance (2014-2021f)

Exhibit 18: General Government Debt (2014-2021f)

Exhibit 19: Employment/Unemployment (2014-2021f)

Exhibit 20: Average Annual Wages (2013-2018e)

Exhibit 21: Labour Cost Index (2014-2021f)

Exhibit 22: Rural/Urban Share of Total Population (1990, 2000, 2010, 2020f)

Exhibit 23: Age-group Share of Total Population (2000, 2010, 2020f)

Exhibit 24: Gender Split (1990, 2000, 2010, 2020f)

Exhibit 25: Internet Users % of Total Population, Mobile Penetration Rate and Broadband Penetration Rate (2017)

Exhibit 26: Number of Patents Granted Per Million Inhabitants (2018)

Exhibit 27: High-technology Exports (% of Manufactured Exports) (2017)

Exhibit 28: Doing Business in Romania (2019)

Exhibit 29: Corruption Perception Index (Rankings) (2018)

Exhibit 30: CO2 Emissions (2012-2017)


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