PESTLE Insights: South Africa – Macroeconomic Outlook Report

Due to higher regional income inequality and uneven population distribution, top three provinces (Guateng, KwaZulu Natal and Western Cape) account for 64% of the total domestic product and 55% of the total population, as per the latest available data.


Mining, manufacturing and utilities contributed 24.5% to the gross value added (GVA) in 2017, followed by financial intermediation, real estate and business activities (20.3%) and wholesale, retail and hotels activities (15.3%). In nominal terms, the three sectors are expected to grow by 6.7%, 7.2% and 7.3%, respectively, in 2018.


– The overall FTSE/JSE All Share (Johannesburg Stock Exchange) index exhibits an upward trend over the last one year. As of August 6, 2018, FTSE/JSE index stood at 56,861.2, compared to 56,163.6 on August 7th, 2017

– Finance, real estate and business services attracted most of the investment in 2016

– President Cyril Ramaphosa has aimed to attract US$100 mn worth of investment over the next five years.

Reasons to buy

- Macroeconomic Outlook Report identifies the potentials of the country as an investment destination by analyzing the political, economic, social, technological, legal and environmental (PESTLE) structure.

- PESTLE Insights provides 360 degree view of the economy which can be used as a strategic tool to understand the market dynamics, business potentials and direction of operations

- Along with providing the country’s snapshot, the report captures the risk factors pertaining to the macroeconomic risks, political environment, legal environment, demographic and social structure effectiveness, technology & infrastructure and natural and geographic aspects that might impact business.

- This report also highlights key clusters/cities which contribute significantly to the country GDP and population along with major companies’ presence in these areas.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Table of Contents 2

List of Exhibits 3

Did You Know? 4

Country Highlights 5

Country Snapshot 7

PESTLE Insights 21

Political Landscape 22

Economic Landscape 23

Social Landscape 30

Technological Landscape 33

Legal Landscape 36

Environmental Landscape 37

Outlook 38

List of Figures

List of Figures

Exhibit 1: South Africa’s Performance in terms of the Country Risk Analysis in Comparison to the Middle East and Africa and the World 11

Exhibit 2: Performance Overview (Score: 1-100) 11

Exhibit 3: Broad Categories and Weights Behind the Index 12

Exhibit 4: FTSE/JSE All Share Index 14

Exhibit 5: Key Sectors Contribution to the Economy 15

Exhibit 6: FDI Inflows and Outflows, 2014-2017 16

Exhibit 7: Net FDI Inflows by Sector (2016) 16

Exhibit 8: FDI Inflows Share by Region (2016) 18

Exhibit 9: FDI Inflows by Type of Investment (2010-2016) 18

Exhibit 10: Key Infrastructure Indicators 20

Exhibit 11: Real GDP and Household Consumption Growth Rate 24

Exhibit 12: Real GDP Growth Rate Comparison (2017) 24

Exhibit 13: Export, Import and Trade Balance 25

Exhibit 14: Current Account Balance 25

Exhibit 15: Top Three Commodity Exports, % of Total Exports, 2013-2017 26

Exhibit 16: Pearls, Precious Stones and Metals, % of Total Exports, 2017 26

Exhibit 17: Interest Rates 28

Exhibit 18: Exchange Rate 28

Exhibit 19: Public Finance 29

Exhibit 20: General Government Debt 29

Exhibit 21: Employment/Unemployment 31

Exhibit 22: Average Annual Wages 31

Exhibit 23: Labour Cost Index 31

Exhibit 24: Rural/Urban Share of Total Population 32

Exhibit 25: Age-group Share of Total Population 32

Exhibit 26: Gender Split 32

Exhibit 27: Internet Users % of Total Population, Mobile Penetration Rate and Broadband Penetration Rate, 2017 34

Exhibit 28: Number of Patents Granted Per M Inhabitants, 2015 35

Exhibit 29: High-technology Exports (% of Manufactured Exports), 2016 35

Exhibit 30: Doing Business in South Africa 2018 36

Exhibit 31: Corruption Perception Index (Rankings) 2017 36

Exhibit 32: CO2 Emissions 37


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