Competing in train manufacturing – Global market undergoing swift development

Train manufacturing around the world has experienced significant change over recent years, impacting the extent of competition within the global market. Leading companies are now larger than ever following a spate of mergers and acquisitions, enabling the biggest companies to compete for more contracts in more countries. Yet increased competition overseas has also had a negative impact on some domestic markets; the two leading players in China merged after a period of fierce price reductions. Even in developed economies competition revolves as much around keeping the trust of governments as it does around producing high-quality trains, and this is even more so the case in the developing world.

Key Highlights

– The United Kingdom serves as a useful example of the impact transport policy can have on competition among train manufacturers. Several high-profile projects have resulted in extensive orders being placed in a relatively short period of time, attracting much foreign competition.

– Itself the result of a mega-merger between the two leading Chinese train manufacturing companies, CRRC is seeking to expand overseas and has already made a big impact, forcing existing players in several valuable markets to compete harder to win contracts.

– Consolidation has been a leading theme in the market in recent years. Leading companies have raced to acquire companies operating in alternative markets, an easier process than attempting to create new operations from scratch. In response to the Chinese merger, two leading European companies Siemens and Alstom merged, creating a European company capable of competing against CRRC.


– Explores how governments can impact the shape of the train market.

– Looks at the impact of CRRC on the international market.

– Assesses how the industry has changed due to consolidation.

– Analyses the risks and opportunities presented by emerging economies.

Reasons to buy

- How is competition impacted by the transport policies of governments?

- What has been the impact of CRRC on the international market?

- What risks and opportunities do emerging markets conjure?

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Overview 2

Catalyst 2

Summary 2

United Kingdom government demands more than low costs when awarding contracts 6

Hitachi wins lucrative contracts after opening assembly plant in United Kingdom 6

Renewal of fleet is boosting competition in the domestic train market 7

CAF attracted to UK market by quantity of contracts on offer 8

CRRC is changing train manufacturing market forever 10

Scale of CRRC makes the company a colossus of train manufacturing 10

CRRC is stretching around the world, changing the train market 11

Despite vast size, CRRC still interacts with rivals in joint ventures 13

Loss of New York subway contract suggests future could be tough for Chinese giant 13

Consolidation is changing shape of train manufacturing 15

Siemens Alstom merger incited by need to compete against Chinese mega-merger 15

CRRC created by Chinese merger reduced domestic competition and changed the international market 16

Small player numbers are reducing amid industry-wide consolidation 17

Emerging markets involve geopolitics, denuding competition development 19

After failing to sell in the United States, Japan takes high-speed rail to India, but only with government help 19

Chinese venture into Indonesia evidences risks of emerging markets 19

International governments are key to European overseas adventures 20

Conclusions 21

Competition in train manufacturing is moving at speed but is also creating problems 21

Appendix 22

Sources 22

Further Reading 22

Ask the analyst 23

About MarketLine 23

Disclaimer 23

List of Figures

List of Figures

Figure 1: Hitachi Bi-Mode train 6

Figure 2: Total UK government support to rail industry 2000-2016 (£bn) 7

Figure 3: Number of passenger rail kilometers (m) in UK 2008-2017 8

Figure 4: CRRC revenues 2011-2016 (RMBbn) 10

Figure 5: CRRC Los Angeles Metro deal signed, 2017 12

Figure 6: Malaysia, LTR3 artist’s impression 13

Figure 7: Siemens Mobility revenues (EURbn) 16

Figure 8: CRRC research and development expenditure ($bn) 17

Figure 9: Model of CRRC high-speed train to be used in Indonesia 20


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