Nepal: In-depth PESTLE Insights

This PEST country analysis report on Nepal provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.


– Understand the political system in Nepal through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

– Understand the economic situation in Nepal through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

– Understand customer demographics in Nepal through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

– Understand the technological landscape in Nepal through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.


– The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in Nepal, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

– The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of Nepal's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."

– The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Reasons to buy

- What is the outlook in Nepal in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

- How does Nepal perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

- How does Nepal perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

- How does Nepal perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

Table of Contents

Table Of Contents

Overview 2

Catalyst 2

Summary 2

Key highlights 2

Key developments (January 2017-September 2018) 3

Key Facts and Geographic Location 8

Key facts 8

Geographical location 9

Political Landscape 10

Summary 10

Evolution 10

Structure and policies 12

Key political figures 12

Structure of government 12

Structure of legislature 13

Key policies 14

Economic 14

Social 15

Foreign and defense 15

Performance 16

Governance indicators 16

Economic Landscape 17

Summary 17

Evolution 17

Structure and policies 18

Financial system 18

Performance 18

GDP and growth rate 18

Fiscal situation 23

International investment position 24

Monetary situation 24

Employment 25

Social Landscape 27

Summary 27

Evolution 27

Structure and policies 27

Demographic composition 27

Education 29

Healthcare 30

Performance 30

Healthcare 30

Income distribution 31

Education 31

Technological Landscape 32

Summary 32

Evolution 32

Structure and policies 32

Intellectual property 32

Research and Development 33

Information Communication and Technology 33

Performance 33

Opportunity sectors 33

Research and development 34

Appendix 35

Ask the analyst 35

About MarketLine 35

Disclaimer 35

List of Tables

List Of Tables

Table 1: Nepal – key facts, 2018 8

Table 2: Mid-year population by age (% of total population), 2017 28

List of Figures

List Of Figures

Figure 1: Map of Nepal 9

Figure 2: Nepal – key political events timeline 11

Figure 3: Nepal – head of state and government 12

Figure 4: Distribution of seats for the House of Representatives after 2017 elections 14

Figure 5: Evolution of GDP growth in Nepal, 2007-2017 18

Figure 6: GDP and GDP growth rate of Nepal (constant prices), 2012-22f 19

Figure 7: Sector-specific GDP in Nepal, 2017 20

Figure 8: Agricultural output in Nepal, 2012-17 21

Figure 9: Industrial output in Nepal, 2012-17 22

Figure 10: Services output in Nepal, 2012-17 23

Figure 11: Nepal’s trade position, 2012-16 24

Figure 12: Consumer Price Index and inflation rate in Nepal, 2012-22f 25

Figure 13: Unemployment in Nepal, 2012-22f 26

Figure 14: Major religions in Nepal 29

Figure 15: Healthcare expenditure, 2011-17 31

Figure 16: Internet Users in Nepal, 2012-16 34


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