Portugal In-depth PESTLE Insights

This PESTLE country analysis report on Portugal provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.


– Understand the political system in Portugal through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

– Understand the economic situation in Portugal through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

– Understand customer demographics in Portugal through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

– Understand the technological landscape in Portugal through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.

– Understand the legal landscape in Portugal through analysis of the judicial system as well as performance of the legal indicators

– Understand the environmental landscape in Portugal through analysis of the environmental regulations and the performance of the environmental indicators


– The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in Portugal, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

– The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of Portugal 's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."

– The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Reasons to buy

- What is the outlook in Portugal in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

- How does Portugal perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

- How does Portugal perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

- How does Portugal perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


1.1. Catalyst

1.2. Summary

1.2.1. Key findings

1.2.2. Key fundamentals

1.3. Impact of COVID-19 on the Portuguese economy

1.3.1. Snapshot

1.3.2. Government measures

1.3.3. Lockdown measures

1.3.4. Travel Restrictions

1.3.5. Stimulus measures




4.1. Summary

4.2. Political analysis

4.2.1. Overview

4.2.2. Current strengths

4.2.3. Future prospects

4.2.4. Future risks

4.3. Economic analysis

4.3.1. Overview

4.3.2. Current strengths

4.3.3. Current challenges

4.3.4. Future prospects

4.3.5. Future risks

4.4. Social analysis

4.4.1. Overview

4.4.2. Current strengths

4.4.3. Current challenges

4.4.4. Future prospects

4.4.5. Future risks

4.5. Technological analysis

4.5.1. Overview

4.5.2. Current strengths

4.5.3. Current challenges

4.5.4. Future prospects

4.5.5. Future risks

4.6. Legal analysis

4.6.1. Overview

4.6.2. Current strengths

4.6.3. Current challenges

4.6.4. Future prospects

4.6.5. Future risks

4.7. Environmental analysis

4.7.1. Overview

4.7.2. Current strengths

4.7.3. Current challenges

4.7.4. Future prospects

4.7.5. Future risks


5.1. Summary

5.2. Evolution

5.3. Structure and policies

5.3.1. Key political figures

5.3.2. Structure of government

5.3.3. Structure of legislature

5.3.4. Composition of legislature

5.3.5. Key policies

5.4. Performance

5.4.1. Governance indicators

5.5. Outlook


6.1. Summary

6.2. Evolution

6.2.1. Pre-1950

6.2.2. 1950-1990

6.2.3. 1991 onwards

6.3. Structure and policies

6.3.1. Financial system

6.3.2. Stock markets

6.4. Performance

6.4.1. GDP and growth rate

6.4.2. GDP composition by sector

6.4.3. General Government Net Lending/ Borrowing

6.4.4. Current Account Balance

6.4.5. General government gross debt

6.4.6. External debt

6.4.7. International trade

6.4.8. International investment position

6.4.9. Key monetary indicators

6.4.10. Interest rate

6.4.11. Employment

6.5. Outlook


7.1. Summary

7.2. Evolution

7.3. Structure and policies

7.3.1. Composition by age and gender

7.3.2. Education

7.3.3. Healthcare

7.3.4. Social welfare

7.4. Performance

7.4.1. Healthcare

7.4.2. Income distribution

7.4.3. Education

7.5. Outlook


8.1. Summary

8.2. Evolution

8.3. Structure and policies

8.3.1. Intellectual property

8.4. Performance

8.4.1. Opportunity sectors

8.4.2. Telecommunications, broadband, and internet

8.4.3. Research and development

8.5. Outlook


9.1. Summary

9.2. Evolution

9.3. Structure and policies

9.3.1. Judicial system

9.3.2. Structure of the system

9.4. Performance

9.4.1. Legal indicators

9.5. Outlook


10.1. Summary

10.2. Evolution

10.3. Structure and policies

10.3.1. Environmental regulations

10.4. Performance

10.4.1. Environmental impact

10.5. Outlook


11.1. Ask the analyst

11.2. Disclaimer

List of Tables

List of Tables

Table 1: Portugal – Key Fundamentals, 2018-2025f

Table 2: Portugal – Key Facts, 2021

Table 3: Analysis of Portugal's Political Landscape

Table 4: Analysis of Portugal's Economy

Table 5: Analysis of Portugal's Social System

Table 6: Analysis of Portugal's Technology Landscape

Table 7: Analysis of Portugal's Legal Landscape

Table 8: Analysis of Portugal's Environmental Landscape

Table 9: Mid-year Population as a Percentage of the Total Population, 2020

Table 10: Patents Granted by the US Patent and Trademark Office, 2015-2020

List of Figures

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of Portugal, 2021

Figure 2: Impact of COVID-19 on the Portugal economy

Figure 3: Portugal Unemployment Rate Q4 2020

Figure 4: General Gross Government Debt by Country as a Percentage of GDP, 2020 & Timeseries (2019-2025f)

Figure 5: Social Benefits to Households, 2019

Figure 6: Old Age Dependency Ratio (Number of People Older than 65 Years Old per 100 People of Working Age), 2050

Figure 7: Total domestic spending on R&D as % of GDP , 2019

Figure 8: Implied tax subsidy rates on R&D expenditures, 2020

Figure 9: High Technology Exports as % of Manufactured Exports, 2019

Figure 10: Portugal, FDI Restrictiveness Index Comparison, 2019

Figure 11: Product Market Regulations Indicator ranging from 0 (low regulations) to 6 (highly regulated), 2018

Figure 12: Portugal, Tax Wedge (% of Labour Cost), 2019

Figure 13: Total Number of Threatened Species, March 2019

Figure 14: Portugal – Political Events Timeline

Figure 15: Portugal – Key Political Figures

Figure 16: Portugal – Composition of the National Council after the October 2019 Elections

Figure 17: Portugal – Historical Real GDP Growth, 2011-2020

Figure 18: Portugal – Portuguese Stock Index (PSI-20), March 2020- March 2021

Figure 19:GDP and GDP Growth Rate in Portugal (US$/%), 2016-2025f

Figure 20: GDP Composition by Sector in Portugal, 2020

Figure 21: Agricultural Output in Portugal (EUR Billion/%), 2016-2021f

Figure 22: Industrial Output in Portugal (EUR Billion/%), 2016-2021f

Figure 23: Services Output in Portugal (EUR Billion/%), 2016-2021f

Figure 24: General Government Net Lending/Borrowing, 2016-2025f

Figure 25: Current Account Balance, 2016-2025f

Figure 26: General Government Gross Debt, 2016-2025f

Figure 27: External Trade: Volume of Exports and Imports of Goods and Services, 2016-2025f

Figure 28: Consumer Price Index and CPI-based Inflation in Portugal, 2016-2025f

Figure 29: Unemployment rate in Portugal (%), 2016-2025f

Figure 30: Major Religions in Portugal, 2011

Figure 31: Expenditure on Healthcare in Portugal (US$ Billion/%), 2012-2018

Figure 32: Expenditure on Education in Portugal (US$ Bn/%), 2010-2019

Figure 33: Number of Internet Users in Portugal (Millions/%), 2016-2020

Figure 34: R&D Expenditure in Portugal (US$bn/% of GDP), 2010-2019

Figure 35: Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Portugal (Million Tons/%), 2010-2019


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