Portugal: In-depth PESTLE Insights

This PESTLE country analysis report on Portugal provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.

Synopsis

– Understand the political system in Portugal through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

– Understand the economic situation in Portugal through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

– Understand customer demographics in Portugal through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

– Understand the technological landscape in Portugal through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.

– Understand the legal landscape in Portugal through analysis of the judicial system as well as performance of the legal indicators

– Understand the environmental landscape in Portugal through analysis of the environmental regulations and the performance of the environmental indicators

Scope

– The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in Portugal, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

– The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of Portugal 's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."

– The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Reasons to buy

- What is the outlook in Portugal in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

- How does Portugal perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

- How does Portugal perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

- How does Portugal perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1. OVERVIEW 2

1.1. Catalyst 2

1.2. Summary 2

1.2.1. Key findings 2

1.2.2. Key fundamentals 5

2. KEY FACTS AND GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION 14

3. GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION 15

4. PESTLE ANALYSIS 16

4.1. Summary 16

4.2. Political analysis 17

4.2.1. Overview 17

4.2.2. Current strengths 17

4.2.3. Future prospects 18

4.2.4. Future risks 19

4.3. Economic analysis 20

4.3.1. Overview 20

4.3.2. Current strengths 20

4.3.3. Current challenges 21

4.3.4. Future prospects 22

4.3.5. Future risks 24

4.4. Social analysis 26

4.4.1. Overview 26

4.4.2. Current strengths 26

4.4.3. Current challenges 27

4.4.4. Future prospects 28

4.4.5. Future risks 28

4.5. Technological analysis 30

4.5.1. Overview 30

4.5.2. Current strengths 30

4.5.3. Current challenges 31

4.5.4. Future prospects 32

4.5.5. Future risks 33

4.6. Legal analysis 34

4.6.1. Overview 34

4.6.2. Current strengths 34

4.6.3. Current challenges 35

4.6.4. Future prospects 36

Future risks 36

4.7. Environmental analysis 37

4.7.1. Overview 37

4.7.2. Current strengths 37

4.7.3. Current challenges 39

4.7.4. Future prospects 39

4.7.5. Future risks 40

5. POLITICAL LANDSCAPE 41

5.1. Summary 41

5.2. Evolution 42

5.3. Structure and policies 43

5.3.1. Key political figures 43

5.3.2. Structure of government 43

5.3.3. Structure of legislature 43

5.3.4. Composition of legislature 44

5.3.5. Key policies 45

5.4. Performance 46

5.4.1. Governance indicators 47

5.5. Outlook 47

6. ECONOMIC LANDSCAPE 48

6.1. Summary 48

6.2. Evolution 48

6.2.1. Pre-1950 48

6.2.2. 1950-1990 49

6.2.3. 1991 onwards 49

6.3. Structure and policies 50

6.3.1. Financial system 50

6.3.2. Stock markets 51

6.4. Performance 52

6.4.1. GDP and growth rate 52

6.4.2. GDP composition by sector 53

6.4.3. General government gross debt 57

6.4.4. External debt 57

6.4.5. International trade 57

6.4.6. International investment position 58

6.4.7. Key monetary indicators 58

6.4.8. Interest rate 59

6.4.9. Employment 59

6.5. Outlook 60

SOCIAL LANDSCAPE 61

6.6. Summary 61

6.7. Evolution 61

6.8. Structure and policies 61

6.8.1. Composition by age and gender 61

6.8.2. Education 63

6.8.3. Healthcare 64

6.8.4. Social welfare 64

6.9. Performance 65

6.9.1. Healthcare 65

6.9.2. Income distribution 65

6.9.3. Education 66

6.10. Outlook 66

7. TECHNOLOGICAL LANDSCAPE 67

7.1. Summary 67

7.2. Evolution 67

7.3. Structure and policies 67

7.3.1. Intellectual property 67

7.4. Performance 68

7.4.1. Opportunity sectors 68

7.4.2. Telecommunications, broadband, and internet 68

7.4.3. Research and development 69

7.5. Outlook 70

8. LEGAL LANDSCAPE 71

8.1. Summary 71

8.2. Evolution 71

8.3. Structure and policies 71

8.3.1. Judicial system 71

8.3.2. Structure of the system 72

8.4. Performance 74

8.4.1. Legal indicators 74

8.5. Outlook 74

9. ENVIRONMENTAL LANDSCAPE 75

9.1. Summary 75

9.2. Evolution 75

9.3. Structure and policies 75

9.3.1. Environmental regulations 75

9.4. Performance 76

9.4.1. Environmental impact 76

9.5. Outlook 77

10. APPENDIX 78

10.1. Ask the analyst 79

10.2. Disclaimer 79

List of Tables

List of Tables

Table 1: Portugal – Key Fundamentals, 2017–2024f 5

Table 2: Portugal – Key Facts, 2020 14

Table 3: Analysis of Portugal's Political Landscape 17

Table 4: Analysis of Portugal's Economy 20

Table 5: Analysis of Portugal's Social System 26

Table 6: Analysis of Portugal's Technology Landscape 30

Table 7: Analysis of Portugal's Legal Landscape 34

Table 8: Analysis of Portugal's Environmental Landscape 37

Table 9: Mid-year Population as a Percentage of the Total Population, 2019e 62

Table 10: Patents Granted by the US Patent and Trademark Office, 2014–2019e 68

List of Figures

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of Portugal 15

Figure 2: Inbound Tourism (Millions), 2014–2018 21

Figure 3: Youth Unemployment (% of Total Labor Force, Ages 15–24), 2019 22

Figure 4: Quarterly FDI inflows (US$Bn, 2016–2019) and Number of Greenfield investment in Portugal, 2016–2018 23

Figure 5: Composite Leading Indicator, January 2017 – December 2019 24

Figure 6: General Gross Government Debt as a Percent of GDP, 2019e 25

Figure 7: Gini Coefficient, Income Inequality, 2017 27

Figure 8: Old Age Dependency Ratio, 2018 29

Figure 9: Total domestic spending on R&D as % of GDP , 2018 31

Figure 10: Implied tax subsidy rates on R&D expenditures, 2019 32

Figure 11: High Technology Exports as % of Manufactured Exports, 2018 33

Figure 12: Product Market Regulations Indicator ranging from 0 (low regulations) to 6 (highly regulated), 2018 35

Figure 13: Renewable Energy’s Share of Gross Final Energy Consumption, 2018 38

Figure 14: Air Pollution in Portugal, 2008–2017 38

Figure 15: Total Number of Threatened Species, March 2019 40

Figure 16: Portugal – Political Events Timeline 42

Figure 17: Portugal – Key Political Figures 43

Figure 18: Portugal – Composition of the National Council after the October 2019 Elections 45

Figure 19: Portugal – Historical Real GDP Growth, 2009–2019e 50

Figure 20: GDP and GDP Growth Rate in Portugal (US$/%), 2014–2024f 52

Figure 21: GDP Composition by Sector in Portugal, 2019e 53

Figure 22: Agricultural Output in Portugal (EURbn/%), 2014–2019e 54

Figure 23: Industrial Output in Portugal (EUR Billion/%), 2014–2019e 55

Figure 24: Services Output in Portugal (EUR Billion/%), 2014–2019e 56

Figure 25: General Government Gross Debt, 2014–2019 57

Figure 26: External Trade of Portugal (US$ Bn/%), 2015–2019e 58

Figure 27: Consumer Price Index and CPI-based Inflation in Portugal, 2014–2024f 59

Figure 28: Unemployment in Portugal (Thousands/%), 2014–2024f 60

Figure 29: Major Religions in Portugal, 2011 63

Figure 30: Expenditure on Healthcare in Portugal (US$ Billion/%), 2012–2018 65

Figure 31: Public Expenditure on Education in Portugal (US$ Bn/%), 2010–2016 66

Figure 32: Number of Internet Users in Portugal (Millions/%), 2014–2019e 69

Figure 33: R&D Expenditure in Portugal (US$bn/% of GDP), 2002–2018 70

Figure 34: Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Portugal (Million Tons/%), 2010–2017 76

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