New Zealand: In-depth PESTLE Insights

This PESTLE country analysis report on New Zealand provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.

Key Highlights

- The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in New Zealand, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

- The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of New Zealand's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment.

- The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Scope

- Understand the political system in New Zealand through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

- Understand the economic situation in New Zealand through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

- Understand customer demographics in New Zealand through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

- Understand the technological landscape in New Zealand through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.

Reasons to buy

- What is the outlook in New Zealand in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

- How does New Zealand perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

- How does New Zealand perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

- How does New Zealand perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Overview 2

Catalyst 2

Summary 2

Key Findings 2

PESTLE Highlights 4

Key Fundamentals 6

Key Facts and Geographic Location 13

Key ...

Table of Contents

Overview 2

Catalyst 2

Summary 2

Key Findings 2

PESTLE Highlights 4

Key Fundamentals 6

Key Facts and Geographic Location 13

Key facts 13

Geographic Location 14

PESTLE Analysis 15

Summary 15

Political Analysis 16

Overview 16

Current Challenges 17

Future Prospects 17

Future Risks 17

Economic Analysis 18

Overview 18

Current Strengths 18

Current Challenges 18

Future Prospects 19

Future Risks 19

Social Analysis 21

Overview 21

Current Strengths 21

Current Challenges 21

Future Prospects 22

Future Risks 22

Technological Analysis 24

Overview 24

Current Strengths 24

Current Challenges 24

Future Prospects 25

Future Risks 25

Legal Analysis 27

Overview 27

Current Strengths 27

Current Challenges 28

Future Prospects 29

Future Risks 30

Environmental Analysis 31

Overview 31

Current Strengths 31

Current Challenges 32

Future Prospects 33

Future Risks 33

Political Landscape 34

Summary 34

Evolution 34

Pre 1980 34

1981-2000 34

2001 onwards 35

Structure and Policies 37

Key Political Figures 37

Structure of the government 37

Key Political Parties 37

Composition of government 38

Key Policies 39

Economic and Social 39

Foreign 39

Defense 39

Performance 39

Governance indicators 39

Outlook 40

Economic Landscape 41

Summary 41

Evolution 41

Structure and Policies 43

Overview 43

Financial Authorities/Regulators 43

Banking 43

Insurance 44

Performance 44

GDP and growth rate 44

GDP composition by sector 46

Fiscal Situation 49

International investment position 51

Unemployment 52

Outlook 52

Social Landscape 53

Summary 53

Evolution 53

Structure and Policies 53

Demographic Composition 53

Education 54

Healthcare Services 55

Performance 55

Healthcare 55

Education 57

Outlook 57

Technological Landscape 58

Summary 58

Evolution 58

Structure and Policies 58

Intellectual property 58

Research and development 59

Technology agreements/pacts 59

Performance 60

Research and development 61

Outlook 61

Legal Landscape 62

Summary 62

Evolution 62

Structure and Policies 62

Judicial system 62

Corporate income tax 63

Performance 63

Effectiveness of the legal system 63

Legal indicators 64

Outlook 64

Environmental Landscape 65

Summary 65

Evolution 65

Structure and Policies 65

Environmental Regulations 65

Environmental Actions 66

Performance 66

Environmental impact 66

Outlook 67

Appendix 69

Ask the analyst 70

Disclaimer 70

List of Tables

List of Tables

Table 1: New Zealand - Key Fundamentals 6

Table 2: New Zealand - key facts, 2018 13

Table 3: Analysis of New ...

List of Tables

Table 1: New Zealand - Key Fundamentals 6

Table 2: New Zealand - key facts, 2018 13

Table 3: Analysis of New Zealand’s Political Landscape 16

Table 4: Analysis of New Zealand’s Economic Landscape 18

Table 5: Analysis of New Zealand’s Social Landscape 21

Table 6: Analysis of New Zealand’s Technology Landscape 24

Table 7: Analysis of New Zealand’s Legal Landscape 27

Table 8: Analysis of New Zealand’s Environmental Landscape 31

Table 9: Mid-year Population by Age (as % of Population), 2017 54

Table 10: Patents Received from the USPTO, 2010-15 59

List of Figures

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of the New Zealand 14

Figure 2: Household Debt in New Zealand, 1998-2017 20

Figure 3: Age Dependency Ratio ...

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of the New Zealand 14

Figure 2: Household Debt in New Zealand, 1998-2017 20

Figure 3: Age Dependency Ratio in New Zealand, 1990-2016 23

Figure 4: Gross Domestic Spending on R&D - 2015 25

Figure 5: Tax Subsidy Rates on R&D Expenditures - 2017 26

Figure 6: FDI Restrictions in Selected Countries, 2016 28

Figure 7: Tax Wedge (Single Worker) - 2016 29

Figure 8: Contribution of Renewables to Total Energy Supply in New Zealand - 2016 32

Figure 9: Change in Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions from 1990 to 2015 33

Figure 10: New Zealand - Key Political Events 36

Figure 11: New Zealand - Key Political Figures 37

Figure 12: New Zealand - composition of parliament, 2017 38

Figure 13: Evolution of GDP Growth in New Zealand, 2007-2017 42

Figure 14: GDP and GDP Growth Rate of New Zealand, 2012-22f 45

Figure 15: Sectoral Composition of GDP in New Zealand, 2016 46

Figure 16: Agricultural Output in New Zealand, 2011-16 47

Figure 17: Industrial Output in New Zealand, 2011-16 48

Figure 18: Services Output in New Zealand, 2011-16 49

Figure 19: New Zealand’s External Trade Position, 2013-17 50

Figure 20: Consumer Price Index and CPI-based Inflation in New Zealand, 2012-22f 51

Figure 21: Unemployment in New Zealand, 2012-22f 52

Figure 22: Healthcare Expenditure in New Zealand, 2011-17 56

Figure 23: Education expenditure in New Zealand, 2010-15 57

Figure 24: Internet Subscribers in New Zealand, 2013-17 60

Figure 25: Carbon Dioxide Emissions in New Zealand, 2008-15 67

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