New Zealand In-depth PESTLE Insights

This PESTLE country analysis report on New Zealand provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.


– Understand the political system in New Zealand through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

– Understand the economic situation in New Zealand through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

– Understand customer demographics in New Zealand through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

– Understand the technological landscape in New Zealand through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.

– Understand the legal landscape in New Zealand through analysis of the judicial system as well as performance of the legal indicators

– Understand the environmental landscape in New Zealand through analysis of the environmental regulations and the performance of the environmental indicators


– The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in New Zealand, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

– The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of New Zealand 's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."

– The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Reasons to buy

- What is the outlook in New Zealand in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

- How does New Zealand perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

- How does New Zealand perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

- How does New Zealand perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


1.1. Catalyst

1.2. Summary

1.2.1. Key Findings

1.2.2. PESTLE Highlights

1.3. Impact of COVID-19 on New Zealand’s economy

1.3.1. Snapshot

1.3.2. Government Measures

1.3.3. Lockdown Measures

1.3.4. Travel Restrictions

1.3.5. Stimulus Measures

1.3.6. Key Fundamentals




4.1. Summary

4.2. Political Analysis

4.2.1. Overview

4.2.2. Current Challenges

4.2.3. Future Prospects

4.2.4. Future Risks

4.3. Economic Analysis

4.3.1. Overview

4.3.2. Current Strengths

4.3.3. Current Challenges

4.3.4. Future Prospects

4.3.5. Future Risks

4.4. Social Analysis

4.4.1. Overview

4.4.2. Current Strengths

4.4.3. Current Challenges

4.4.4. Future Prospects

4.4.5. Future Risks

4.5. Technological Analysis

4.5.1. Overview

4.5.2. Current Strengths

4.5.3. Current Challenges

4.5.4. Future Prospects

4.5.5. Future Risks

4.6. Legal Analysis

4.6.1. Overview

4.6.2. Current Strengths

4.6.3. Current Challenges

4.6.4. Future Prospects

4.6.5. Future Risks

4.7. Environmental Analysis

4.7.1. Overview

4.7.2. Current Strengths

4.7.3. Current Challenges

4.7.4. Future Prospects

4.7.5. Future Risks


5.1. Summary

5.2. Evolution

5.2.1. Pre-1980

5.2.2. 1981-2000

5.2.3. 2001 onwards

5.3. Structure and Policies

5.3.1. Key Political Figures

5.3.2. Structure of the government

5.3.3. Key Political Parties

5.3.4. Composition of government

5.3.5. Key Policies

5.3.6. Economic and Social

5.3.7. Foreign

5.3.8. Defense

5.4. Performance

5.4.1. Governance indicators

5.5. Outlook


6.1. Summary

6.2. Evolution

6.3. Structure and Policies

6.3.1. Overview

6.3.2. Financial Authorities/Regulators

6.3.3. Banking

6.4. Performance

6.4.1. GDP and growth rate

6.4.2. GDP Composition by Sector

6.4.3. Fiscal Situation

6.4.4. International investment position

6.4.5. Unemployment

6.5. Outlook


7.1. Summary

7.2. Evolution

7.3. Structure and Policies

7.3.1. Demographic Composition

7.3.2. Education

7.3.3. Healthcare Services

7.4. Performance

7.4.1. Healthcare

7.4.2. Education

7.5. Outlook


8.1. Summary

8.2. Evolution

8.3. Structure and Policies

8.3.1. Intellectual property

8.3.2. Research and development

8.3.3. Technology agreements/pacts

8.4. Performance

8.4.1. Research and development

8.5. Outlook


9.1. Summary

9.2. Evolution

9.3. Structure and Policies

9.3.1. Judicial system

9.3.2. Corporate income tax

9.4. Performance

9.4.1. Effectiveness of the legal system

9.4.2. Legal indicators

9.5. Outlook


10.1. Summary

10.2. Evolution

10.3. Structure and Policies

10.3.1. Environmental Regulations

10.3.2. Environmental Actions

10.3.3. Environmental impact

10.4. Outlook


11.1. Ask the analyst

11.2. About MarketLine

11.3. Disclaimer

List of Tables

List of Tables

Table 1: New Zealand – Key Fundamentals

Table 2: New Zealand – key facts, 2021

Table 3: Analysis of New Zealand’s Political Landscape

Table 4: Analysis of New Zealand’s Economic Landscape

Table 5: Analysis of New Zealand’s Social Landscape

Table 6: Analysis of New Zealand’s Technology Landscape

Table 7: Analysis of New Zealand’s Legal Landscape

Table 8: Analysis of New Zealand’s Environmental Landscape

Table 9: New Zealand – Population by Age (%), 2020

Table 10: Patents Received from the USPTO, 2014-2020

List of Figures

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of the New Zealand, 2021

Figure 2: General Government Gross Debt as a % of GDP, 2016-2025f

Figure 3: Household Debt in New Zealand, 1999-2019

Figure 4: Age Dependency Ratio in New Zealand, 2000-2020

Figure 5: Gross Domestic Spending on R&D – 2019

Figure 6: Product Market Regulations, 2018

Figure 7: FDI Restrictions in Selected Countries, 2019

Figure 9: Research and Development Spending (% of GDP), 2018

Figure 10: Contribution of Renewables to Primary Energy Supply in New Zealand, 2019

Figure 11: New Zealand – Key Political Events

Figure 12: New Zealand – Key Political Figures

Figure 13: New Zealand – Composition of Parliament, 2020

Figure 14: Evolution of GDP Growth in New Zealand, 2011-2020e

Figure 15: GDP and GDP Growth Rate of New Zealand, 2016-2025f

Figure 16: Sectoral Composition of GDP in New Zealand, 2020e

Figure 17: Agricultural Output in New Zealand, 2016-2021f

Figure 18: Industrial Output in New Zealand, 2016-2021f

Figure 19: Services Output in New Zealand, 2016-2021f

Figure 20: New Zealand’s External Trade (Growth), 2016-2025f

Figure 21: Consumer Price Index and CPI-based Inflation in New Zealand, 2016-2025f

Figure 22: Unemployment in New Zealand, 2016-2025f

Figure 23: Religions in New Zealand (% of the Population), 2018 est.

Figure 24: Healthcare Expenditure in New Zealand, 2009-2018

Figure 25: Education Expenditure in New Zealand, 2010-2016

Figure 26: Internet Subscribers in New Zealand, 2016-2020e

Figure 27: Research and Development Expenditure in New Zealand (% of GDP), 2010-2019

Figure 28: Carbon Dioxide Emissions in New Zealand, 2010-19


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