Indonesia: In-depth PESTLE Insights

This PESTLE country analysis report on Indonesia provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.

Synopsis

- Understand the political system in Indonesia through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

- Understand the economic situation in Indonesia through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

- Understand customer demographics in Indonesia through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

- Understand the technological landscape in Indonesia through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.

- Understand the legal landscape in Indonesia through analysis of the judicial system as well as performance of the legal indicators

- Understand the environmental landscape in Indonesia through analysis of the environmental regulations and the performance of the environmetal indicators.

Scope

- The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in Indonesia, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

- The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of Indonesia 's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."

- The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Reasons to buy

- What is the outlook in Indonesia in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

- How does Indonesia perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

- How does Indonesia perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

- How does Indonesia perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Overview 2

Catalyst 2

Summary 2

Key findings 2

PESTLE highlights 4

Key fundamentals 6

Key Facts and Geographic Location 14

Key ...

Table of Contents

Overview 2

Catalyst 2

Summary 2

Key findings 2

PESTLE highlights 4

Key fundamentals 6

Key Facts and Geographic Location 14

Key facts 14

Geographical location 15

PESTLE Analysis 16

Summary 16

Political analysis 18

Overview 18

Current strengths 18

Current challenges 19

Future prospects 20

Economic analysis 22

Overview 22

Current strengths 22

Current challenges 24

Future prospects 25

Future risks 26

Social analysis 28

Overview 28

Current strengths 28

Current challenges 30

Future prospects 32

Future risks 32

Technological analysis 33

Overview 33

Current strengths 33

Current challenges 34

Future prospects 36

Future risks 37

Legal analysis 38

Overview 38

Current strengths 38

Current challenges 38

Future prospects 41

Future risks 41

Environmental analysis 43

Overview 43

Current strengths 43

Current challenges 44

Future prospects 45

Future risks 46

Political Landscape 48

Summary 48

Evolution 48

Pre-1950s 48

1950-1998 48

1998-2004 49

2004-2018 49

Structure and policies 50

Key political figures 50

Provincial setup 51

Structure of legislature 51

Key political parties 51

Composition of Parliament 53

Key policies 53

Performance 55

Governance indicators 55

Outlook 56

Economic Landscape 57

Summary 57

Evolution 57

Pre-1997 57

1997-2018 57

Structure and policies 59

Financial system 59

Financial authorities and regulators 59

Performance 60

GDP and growth rate 60

GDP composition by sector 61

Fiscal situation 65

Exports and imports 66

International investment position 66

Credit rating 67

Monetary 67

Inflation 67

Interest Rate 68

Unemployment 68

Outlook 68

Social Landscape 70

Summary 70

Evolution 70

Structure and policies 70

Demographic composition 70

Urban/rural composition 71

Religious composition 72

Education 72

System of education 72

Higher education 73

Healthcare 73

Performance 74

Healthcare 74

Education 74

Outlook 75

Technological Landscape 76

Summary 76

Evolution 76

Structure and policies 76

Intellectual property 76

Copyrights 76

Research and development 76

Performance 77

Research and development 78

Outlook 78

Legal Landscape 79

Summary 79

Evolution 79

Structure and policies 79

Judicial system 79

Tax regulations 80

Performance 81

Effectiveness of the legal system 81

Outlook 81

Environmental Landscape 82

Summary 82

Evolution 82

Structure and policies 82

Environmental regulations 82

Performance 83

Environmental impact 83

Outlook 83

Appendix 85

Ask the analyst 85

Disclaimer 85

List of Tables

List of Tables

Table 1: Indonesia - Key Fundamentals, 2015-2022f 6

Table 2: Indonesia - Key Facts, 2018 14

Table 3: Analysis of Indonesia’s Political Landscape ...

List of Tables

Table 1: Indonesia - Key Fundamentals, 2015-2022f 6

Table 2: Indonesia - Key Facts, 2018 14

Table 3: Analysis of Indonesia’s Political Landscape 18

Table 4: Analysis of Indonesia’s Economic Landscape 22

Table 5: Analysis of Indonesia’s Social Landscape 28

Table 6: Analysis of Indonesia’s Technological Landscape 33

Table 7: Patents Granted by USPTO, 2010-2015 36

Table 8: Analysis of Indonesia’s Legal Landscape 38

Table 9: Analysis of Indonesia’s Environmental Landscape 43

Table 10: A Comparison of the Indonesian State Budget, 2018 and 2019 54

Table 11: Mid-year Population by Age (Percentage of Population), 2017 70

List of Figures

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of Indonesia 15

Figure 2: Real GDP and Infrastructure Investment Growth (%), 2013-2018 23

Figure 3: Business and Consumer Confidence ...

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of Indonesia 15

Figure 2: Real GDP and Infrastructure Investment Growth (%), 2013-2018 23

Figure 3: Business and Consumer Confidence, 2013-2018 23

Figure 4: Fiscal State ($ Billion/% of GDP), 2013-2018f 24

Figure 5: FDI Inflows ($ Billion), 2013 Q1-2018 Q2 25

Figure 6: Indonesia’s Demographic Advantage (Million Persons/%), 2013-2022f 26

Figure 7: Tax Ratio (% of GDP), 2018 27

Figure 8: Government Budget for Social Assistance Program ($ Million), 2016-2018 29

Figure 9: Indonesian Poverty and Inequality Statistics (%), 2011-2018 30

Figure 10: Per Capita GDP Across Indonesia's Provinces (IDR Million), 2015 31

Figure 11: Inter-regional Variations in Public Employment (Per 100 People), 2016 31

Figure 12: International Co-authorship and International Co-invention as a Percentage of Scientific Publications and IP5 Patent Families, 2005-2016 34

Figure 13: High Technology Exports (% of Manufactured Exports), 2007-2016 35

Figure 14: Research and Development Expenditure (% of GDP), 2015 36

Figure 15: FDI Regulatory Restrictiveness Index, 2017 (Closed =1 and Open = 0) 40

Figure 16: Services Trade Restrictiveness Index, 2017 (Closed =1 and Open = 0) 40

Figure 17: The Most Problematic Factors in Doing Business in Indonesia, 2017-2018 42

Figure 18: Air Pollution (CO2 Tons Per Capita), 1995-2014 44

Figure 19: Change in Forest Cover, 1995-2015 45

Figure 20: Percentage of Renewables in Total Primary Energy Supply, 1990-2016 46

Figure 21: Mean Annual Concentration of PM2.5 (µg/m³), 2011-2015 47

Figure 22: Indonesia - Political Events Timeline 50

Figure 23: Indonesia - Key Political Figures 51

Figure 24: Indonesia - Composition of Parliament, 2014 53

Figure 25: Evolution of GDP in Indonesia (%), 2007-2017 59

Figure 26: Real GDP and Growth Rate in Indonesia ($ Billion/%), 2013-2022f 61

Figure 27: Composition of GDP by Sector in Indonesia, 2017 62

Figure 28: Indonesia’s Agricultural Output (IDR Trillion/%), 2012-2017 63

Figure 29: Indonesia’s Industrial Output (IDR Trillion/%), 2012-2017 64

Figure 30: Indonesia’s Service Output (IDR Trillion/%), 2012-2017 65

Figure 31: Indonesia’s Total International Trade ($ Billion), 2013-2017 66

Figure 32: Consumer Price Index and CPI Based Inflation in Indonesia, 2013-2022f 67

Figure 33: Indonesia’s Unemployment and Unemployment Rate (Millions/%), 2012-2022f 68

Figure 34: Major Religions in Indonesia (%), 2010 Census 72

Figure 35: Healthcare Expenditure in Indonesia ($ Billion/%), 2008-2017 74

Figure 36: Expenditure on Education in Indonesia ($ Billion/%), 2007-2016 75

Figure 37: Internet Users in Indonesia (Millions/%), 2008-2017 77

Figure 38: Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Indonesia (Million Tons/%), 2008-2015 83

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