Colombia In-depth PESTLE Insights

This PESTLE country analysis report on Colombia provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.

Synopsis

– Understand the political system in Colombia through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

– Understand the economic situation in Colombia through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

– Understand customer demographics in Colombia through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

– Understand the technological landscape in Colombia through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.

– Understand the legal landscape in Colombia through analysis of the judicial system as well as performance of the legal indicators

– Understand the environmental landscape in Colombia through analysis of the environmental regulations and the performance of the environmetal indicators

Scope

– The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in Colombia, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

– The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of Colombia's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."

– The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Reasons to buy

- What is the outlook in Colombia in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

- How does Colombia perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

- How does Colombia perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

- How does Colombia perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1. OVERVIEW

1.1. Catalyst

1.2. Summary

1.2.1. Key findings

1.2.2. PESTLE highlights

1.2.3. Key fundamentals

2. KEY FACTS AND GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION

2.1. Key facts

2.2. Geographical location

3. IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON COLOMBIAN ECONOMY

3.1. Snapshot

3.2. Stimulus packages

3.2.1. Fiscal Stimulus

3.2.2. Monetary Stimulus

3.3. Travel ban

3.4. Lockdown restrictions

3.5. Economic impact of COVID-19

4. PESTLE ANALYSIS

4.1. Summary

4.2. Political analysis

4.2.1. Overview

4.2.2. Current strengths

4.2.3. Current challenges

4.2.4. Future prospects

4.2.5. Future risks

4.3. Economic analysis

4.3.1. Overview

4.3.2. Current strengths

4.3.3. Current challenges

4.3.4. Future prospects

4.3.5. Future risks

4.4. Social analysis

4.4.1. Overview

4.4.2. Current strengths

4.4.3. Current challenges

4.4.4. Future prospects

4.4.5. Future risks

4.5. Technological analysis

4.5.1. Overview

4.5.2. Current strengths

4.5.3. Current challenges

4.5.4. Future prospects

4.5.5. Future risks

4.6. Legal analysis

4.6.1. Overview

4.6.2. Current strengths

4.6.3. Current challenges

4.6.4. Future prospects

4.6.5. Future risks

4.7. Environmental analysis

4.7.1. Overview

4.7.2. Current strengths

4.7.3. Current challenges

4.7.4. Future prospects

4.7.5. Future risks

5. POLITICAL LANDSCAPE

5.1. Summary

5.2. Evolution

5.3. Structure and policies

5.3.1. Key political figures

5.3.2. Structure of government

5.3.3. Key political parties

5.3.4. Composition of government

5.3.5. Key policies

5.4. Performance

5.4.1. Governance indicators

5.5. Outlook

6. ECONOMIC LANDSCAPE

6.1. Summary

6.2. Evolution

6.3. Structure and policies

6.3.1. Financial authorities and regulators

6.3.2. Stock markets

6.4. Performance

6.4.1. GDP and growth rate

6.4.2. Fiscal situation

6.4.3. Exports and imports

6.4.4. Current account

6.4.5. Debt situation

6.4.6. International investment position

6.4.7. Credit rating

6.4.8. Monetary situation

6.4.9. Inflation

6.4.10. Employment

6.5. Outlook

7. SOCIAL LANDSCAPE

7.1. Summary

7.2. Evolution

7.3. Structure and policies

7.3.1. Demographic composition

7.3.2. Education

7.3.3. Healthcare

7.3.4. Social welfare

7.4. Performance

7.4.1. Healthcare

7.4.2. Education

7.4.3. Income distribution

7.5. Outlook

8. TECHNOLOGY LANDSCAPE

8.1. Summary

8.2. Evolution

8.3. Structure and policies

8.3.1. Innovation governance

8.3.2. Intellectual property

8.4. Performance

8.4.1. Telecommunications

8.4.2. R&D expenditure

8.5. Outlook

9. LEGAL LANDSCAPE

9.1. Summary

9.2. Evolution

9.3. Structure and policies

9.3.1. Judicial system

9.3.2. Legislation affecting business

9.3.3. Tax regulations

9.4. Performance

9.4.1. Effectiveness of the legal system

9.5. Outlook

10. ENVIRONMENTAL LANDSCAPE

10.1. Summary

10.2. Evolution

10.3. Structure and policies

10.3.1. Environmental regulations

10.3.2. Participation in global efforts, agreements, and pacts

10.4. Performance

10.4.1. Environmental impact

10.5. Outlook

11. APPENDIX

11.1. Ask the analyst

11.2. About MarketLine

11.3. Disclaimer

List of Tables

List of Tables

Table 1: Colombia – Key Fundamentals, 2018-2025f

Table 2: Colombia – Key Facts, 2021

Table 3: Analysis of Colombia’s Political Landscape

Table 4: Analysis of the Colombian Economy

Table 5: Analysis of Colombia’s Social System

Table 6: Analysis of Colombia’s Technological Landscape

Table 7: Analysis of Colombia’s Legal Landscape

Table 8: Analysis of Colombia’s Environmental Landscape

Table 10: Mid-year Population by Age in Colombia (% by Gender), 2020

Table 11: Patents Granted by US Patent and Trademark Office, 2015-2020

List of Figures

List of Figures

Figure 1: Colombia – Map, 2021

Figure 2: Petroleum Production in Colombia (Thousand Barrels per Day), 1990-2019

Figure 3: Gross Fixed Capital Formation in Colombia (US$ M), 2016-2025f

Figure 4: Agricultural Land as % of Land Area, 2010-2018

Figure 5: Tax Revenue as a Percentage of GDP, 2019

Figure 6: Branches of Commercial Banks, 2010-2019

Figure 7: Depositors With Commercial Banks (Number of Depositors), 2009-2019

Figure 8: Key Macroeconomic Indicators, January 2020 to February 2021

Figure 9: Bank Non-performing Loans (%), Q1 2016-Q3 2020

Figure 10: Bank Capital to Assets Ratio (%), Q1 2016-Q3 2020

Figure 11: Poverty Headcount Ratio at National Poverty Lines (% of Population), 2018 or later

Figure 12: Income Inequality in Select Nations from South America (%), 2017

Figure 13: FDI Restrictiveness Index in Americas (0 is open, 1 is closed)

Figure 14: Product Market Regulations, 2018

Figure 15: Forest Area (% of Land Area), 2007-2016

Figure 16: Colombia – Key Political Events Timeline

Figure 17: Key Political Figures in Colombia

Figure 18: Composition of the Chamber of Representatives (Lower House), 2018

Figure 19: Historical GDP Growth Rate in Colombia (%), 2011-2020e

Figure 20: Colombia Stock Market Index, March 2020-March 2021

Figure 21: Real GDP and GDP Growth Rate in Colombia (US$Bn/%), 2016-2025f

Figure 22: GDP Composition by Sectors, 2020e

Figure 23: Agriculture Output of Colombia (COP Tn/%), 2016-2021e

Figure 24: Industrial Output of Colombia (COP Tn/%), 2016-2021f

Figure 25: Services Output of Colombia (COP Tn/%), 2016-2021f

Figure 26: Change in Volume of Exports and Imports, %, 2016-2025f

Figure 27: Consumer Price Index and Consumer Price Index-based Inflation in Colombia, 2016-2025f

Figure 28: Unemployment Rate in Colombia (%), 2016-2025f

Figure 29: Major Religions in Colombia, 2014

Figure 30: Total Expenditure on Healthcare in Colombia (US$ Bn/%), 2009-2018

Figure 31: Total Expenditure on Education in Colombia (US$ Bn/%), 2010-2019

Figure 32: Internet Users in Colombia (Million Users/%), 2016-2020e

Figure 33: Research and Development Expenditure in Colombia (% of GDP), 2010-2019

Figure 34: CO2 Emission in Colombia (Metric Tonnes/%), 2010-2019

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