China: In-depth PESTLE Insights

This PEST country analysis report on China provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.

Key Highlights

- The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in China, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

- The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of China's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."

- The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Scope

- Understand the political system in China through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

- Understand the economic situation in China through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

- Understand customer demographics in China through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

- Understand the technological landscape in China through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.

Reasons to buy

- What is the outlook in China in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

- How does China perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

- How does China perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

- How does China perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Overview 2

Catalyst 2

Summary 2

Key findings 2

PESTLE Highlights 4

Key Facts and Geographic Location 13

Key Facts 13

Geographical ...

Table of Contents

Overview 2

Catalyst 2

Summary 2

Key findings 2

PESTLE Highlights 4

Key Facts and Geographic Location 13

Key Facts 13

Geographical Location 14

PESTLE Analysis 15

Summary 15

Political Analysis 17

Overview 17

Current strengths 17

Current challenges 18

Future prospects 19

Future risks 20

Economic Analysis 22

Overview 22

Current strengths 22

Current challenges 23

Future prospects 26

Future risks 29

Social Analysis 31

Overview 31

Current strengths 31

Current challenges 32

Future risks 34

Technological Analysis 36

Overview 36

Current strengths 36

Current challenges 38

Future prospects 38

Future risks 40

Legal Analysis 41

Overview 41

Current strengths 41

Current challenges 42

Future prospects 43

Future risks 44

Environmental Analysis 45

Overview 45

Current strengths 45

Current challenges 46

Future prospects 48

Future risks 49

Political Landscape 52

Summary 52

Evolution 52

Pre-1950s 52

1950-90 53

1991-2017 54

Structure and Policies 54

Key Political Figures 54

Structure of the government 55

Structure of legislature 55

Key Policies 56

Performance 57

Governance indicators 57

Outlook 58

Economic Landscape 59

Summary 59

Evolution 59

1949-86 59

1986-2017 60

Structure and Policies 61

Financial system 61

Performance 62

GDP and growth rate 62

Agriculture 64

Industry 65

Current account 66

Exports and imports 67

Credit rating 68

Monetary 68

Inflation 69

Employment 69

Outlook 70

Social Landscape 71

Summary 71

Evolution 71

Structure and policies 71

Demographic composition 71

Ethnic composition 71

Religious composition 71

Education 72

System of education 72

Healthcare 73

Social welfare 73

Performance 73

Healthcare 73

Education 74

Outlook 75

Technological Landscape 76

Summary 76

Evolution 76

Structure and Policies 76

Intellectual property 76

Performance 76

Opportunity sectors 76

Research and development 76

Outlook 78

Legal Landscape 79

Summary 79

Evolution 79

Structure and Policies 79

Judicial system 79

Labor law 80

Social security charges 80

VAT and business taxes on exports 80

Performance 81

Effectiveness of the legal system 81

Outlook 81

Environmental Landscape 82

Summary 82

Evolution 82

Structure and policies 82

Environmental regulations 82

Environmental actions 83

Participation in global efforts, agreements, and pacts 83

Performance 83

Outlook 84

Appendix 86

Ask the analyst 86

Disclaimer 86

List of Tables

List of Tables

Table 1: China - Key Fundamentals 6

Table 2: China - Key Facts 13

Table 3: Analysis of China’s Political Landscape 17 ...

List of Tables

Table 1: China - Key Fundamentals 6

Table 2: China - Key Facts 13

Table 3: Analysis of China’s Political Landscape 17

Table 4: Analysis of China’s Economic Landscape 22

Table 5: Analysis of China’s Social System 31

Table 6: Analysis of China’s Technology Landscape 36

Table 7: Patents Granted by the US Patent and Trademark Office, 2010-15 38

Table 8: Analysis of China’s Legal Landscape 41

Table 9: Analysis of China’s Environmental Landscape 45

Table 10: Mid-year Population Age by Gender (as a percentage of total population), 2017 72

List of Figures

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of China 14

Figure 2: Foreign direct investment inward flows in select major economies, 2017 23

Figure 3: Gross ...

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of China 14

Figure 2: Foreign direct investment inward flows in select major economies, 2017 23

Figure 3: Gross fixed capital formation in select major economies in 2017 24

Figure 4: Household consumption expenditure in select major economies in 2016 25

Figure 5: The industry and services sectors’ contribution to GDP as percentage of gross value added, 1990-2017 27

Figure 6: Residential property price index (RPPI), Q1 2013 - Q1 2018 29

Figure 7: Floating population in China, 2010-16 33

Figure 8: Average wage of employed persons in urban units, 2007-16 33

Figure 9: Birth rate in China per 1,000 people, 2007-16 35

Figure 10: Old age dependency ratio as percentage of working-age population, 2008-17 35

Figure 11: Number of researchers and R&D personals in China, 2000-16 37

Figure 12: Government expenditure on R&D in China, 2000-16 37

Figure 13: First university natural sciences and engineering degrees, 2000-14 39

Figure 14: Natural sciences and engineering doctoral degrees, 2000-14 40

Figure 15: FDI Regulatory Restrictiveness Index, 2017 42

Figure 16: Sector-wise FDI Restrictiveness in China, 2017 43

Figure 17: Energy production and consumption in China, 2016 47

Figure 18: Household electricity prices, 2017 50

Figure 19: Revealed technology advantage environment-related technologies, 2013 51

Figure 20: PM2.5 air pollution (mean annual exposure), 2010-2016 51

Figure 21: China - Political Events Timeline 53

Figure 22: China - Key Political Figures 55

Figure 23: Evolution of GDP growth in China, 2008-2017 60

Figure 24: GDP and growth rate in China, 2013-22f 62

Figure 25: GDP composition by sector in China, 2017 63

Figure 26: Agricultural output in China, 2013-17 64

Figure 27: Industrial output in China, 2013-17 65

Figure 28: Services output in China, 2013-17 66

Figure 29: China’s external trade, 2013-17 68

Figure 30: Consumer price index and CPI-based inflation in China, 2013-22f 69

Figure 31: Unemployment in China, 2013-22f 70

Figure 32: Expenditure on healthcare in China, 2008-17 74

Figure 33: Public expenditure on education in China, 2011-15 75

Figure 34: R&D expenditure in China, 2007-16 77

Figure 35: Internet users in China, 2007-16 78

Figure 36: CO2 emissions in China, 2006-15 84

    Pricing

Discounts available for multiple report purchases.

reportstore@marketline.com
+44 (0) 161 359 5817

Saved reports