Sweden: In-depth PEST Insights

This PESTLE country analysis report on Sweden provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.


– Understand the political system in Sweden through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

– Understand the economic situation in Sweden through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

– Understand customer demographics in Sweden through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

– Understand the technological landscape in Sweden through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.

– Understand the legal landscape in Sweden through analysis of the judicial system as well as performance of the legal indicators

– Understand the environmental landscape in Sweden through analysis of the environmental regulations and the performance of the environmental indicators


– The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in Sweden, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

– The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of Sweden 's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."

– The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Reasons to buy

- What is the outlook in Sweden in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

- How does Sweden perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

- How does Sweden perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

- How does Sweden perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


1.1. Catalyst

1.2. Summary

1.2.1. Key findings

1.2.2. PESTLE highlights

1.2.3. Key fundamentals


2.1. Key facts

2.2. Geographical location


3.1. Summary

3.2. Political analysis

3.2.1. Overview

3.2.2. Current strengths

3.2.3. Current challenges

3.2.4. Future prospects

3.2.5. Future risks

3.2.6. Overview

3.2.7. Current strengths

3.2.8. Current challenges

3.2.9. Future prospects

3.2.10. Future risks

3.3. Social analysis

3.3.1. Overview

3.3.2. Current strengths

3.3.3. Current challenges

3.3.4. Future prospects

3.3.5. Future risks

3.4. Technology analysis

3.4.1. Overview

3.4.2. Current strengths

3.4.3. Current challenges

3.4.4. Future prospects

3.4.5. Future risks

3.5. Legal analysis

3.5.1. Overview

3.5.2. Current strengths

3.5.3. Current challenges

3.5.4. Future prospects

3.5.5. Future risks

3.6. Environmental analysis

3.6.1. Overview

3.6.2. Current strengths

3.6.3. Current challenges

3.6.4. Future prospects

3.6.5. Future risks


4.1. Summary

4.2. Evolution

4.3. Structure and policies

4.3.1. Key political figures

4.3.2. Structure of government

4.3.3. Key political parties

4.3.4. Key policies

4.4. Performance

4.4.1. Governance indicators

4.5. Outlook


5.1. Summary

5.2. Evolution

5.3. Structure and policies

5.3.1. Financial authorities and regulators

5.3.2. Stock market

5.3.3. Insurance

5.4. Performance

5.4.1. GDP and growth rate

5.4.2. GDP composition by sector

5.4.3. Fiscal situation

5.4.4. External situation

Current account

5.4.5. International investment position

5.4.6. Key monetary indicators

5.4.7. Employment

5.5. Outlook


6.1. Summary

6.2. Evolution

6.3. Structure and policies

6.3.1. Demographic composition

6.3.2. Education

6.3.3. Healthcare

6.4. Performance

6.4.1. Healthcare

6.4.2. Education

6.5. Outlook


7.1. Summary

7.2. Evolution

7.3. Structure and policies

7.3.1. Intellectual property

7.3.2. R&D

7.4. Performance

7.4.1. Telecommunication

7.5. Outlook


8.1. Summary

8.2. Evolution

8.3. Structure and policies

8.3.1. Judicial system

8.3.2. Taxation

8.4. Performance

8.4.1. Effectiveness of the legal system

8.5. Outlook


8.6. Summary

8.7. Evolution

8.8. Structure and policies

8.8.1. Environmental regulations

8.9. Performance

8.9.1. Environmental impact

8.10. Outlook


9.1. ISO codes of selected countries

9.2. Ask the analyst

9.3. Disclaimer

List of Tables

List of Tables

Table 1: Sweden – Key Fundamentals, 2016-2023f

Table 2: Sweden – Key Facts, 2019

Table 3: Analysis of Sweden's Political Landscape

Table 4: Analysis of Sweden's Economic Landscape

Table 5: Analysis of Sweden's Social Landscape

Table 6: Analysis of Sweden’s Technological Landscape

Table 7: Analysis of Sweden’s Legal Landscape

Table 8: Analysis of Sweden’s Environmental Landscape

Table 9: Major Social and Welfare Expenditures in the Swedish Budget (US$ Billion), 2018 (Actuals) and 2019 (Forecast)

Table 10: Mid-Year Population by Age (as a Percentage of the Total Population), 2018

Table 11: Patents Granted by the USPTO, 2013-2018

List of Figures

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of Sweden

Figure 2: Total General Government Balance as a Percentage of GDP, 2018

Figure 3: General Government Gross Debt as a Percentage of GDP, 2018

Figure 4: Labor Cost Index, 2018

Figure 5: Gini Coefficient Trends Relating to Equivalized Disposable Income Before and After Social Transfers in Sweden, 2010-2018

Figure 6: General Government Financial Wealth as a Percentage of GDP, 2018

Figure 7: Household Debt, Loans and Debt Securities as a Percentage of GDP, 2017

Figure 8: Compensated Absence from Work due to Illness – Number of Days, 2017

Figure 9: Average Annual Hours Actually Worked Per Worker, 2018

Figure 10: R&D Expenditure in European Countries, 2017

Figure 11: Implied Tax Subsidy Rates on R&D Expenditures, 2018

Figure 12: Number of New Enterprise Creations (2012=100), 2018

Figure 13: Product Market Competitiveness, 2017

Figure 14: Average Tax Wedge, 2018

Figure 15: Share of Energy from Renewable Sources, 2017

Figure 16: Sweden – Key Political Events Since 1900

Figure 17: Sweden – Key Political Figures

Figure 18: Distribution of Seats by Political Parties in Sweden’s 2018 Elections

Figure 19: Historical GDP Growth of Sweden (%), 2007-2018

Figure 20: GDP and GDP Growth Rate in Sweden (US$ Billion/%), 2013-2023f

Figure 21: GDP Composition by Sector in Sweden (%), 2018

Figure 22: Agricultural Output of Sweden (SEK Billion/%), 2013-2018

Figure 23: Industrial Output of Sweden (SEK Billion/%), 2013-2018

Figure 24: Services Output of Sweden (SEK Trillion/%), 2013-2018

Figure 25: External Trade of Sweden (US$ Billion), 2014-2018

Figure 26: Consumer Price Index and CPI-based Inflation in Sweden, 2013-2023f

Figure 27: Unemployment in Sweden (Thousands/%), 2013-2023f

Figure 28: Major Religions in Sweden, 2017

Figure 29: Total Expenditure on Healthcare in Sweden (US$ Billion/%), 2008-2017

Figure 30: Total Public Expenditure on Education in Sweden (US$ Billion/%), 2007-2016

Figure 31: Internet Users and Penetration in Sweden (Millions/%), 2013-2018e

Figure 32: Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Tons/%), 2010-2017


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