United Kingdom: In-depth PESTLE Insights

This PESTLE country analysis report on United Kingdom provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.

Key Highlights

- The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in United Kingdom, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

- The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of United Kingdom's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."

- The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Scope

- Understand the political system in United Kingdom through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

- Understand the economic situation in United Kingdom through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

- Understand customer demographics in United Kingdom through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

- Understand the technological landscape in United Kingdom through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.

Reasons to buy

- What is the outlook in United Kingdom in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

- How does United Kingdom perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

- How does United Kingdom perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

- How does United Kingdom perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Overview 2

Catalyst 2

Summary 2

Key findings 2

PESTLE highlights 4

Key fundamentals 6

Key Facts and Geographic Location 14

Key ...

Table of Contents

Overview 2

Catalyst 2

Summary 2

Key findings 2

PESTLE highlights 4

Key fundamentals 6

Key Facts and Geographic Location 14

Key facts 14

Geographical location 15

PESTLE Analysis 16

Summary 16

Political analysis 17

Overview 17

Current strengths 17

Current challenges 18

Future prospects 18

Future risks 19

Economic analysis 21

Overview 21

Current strengths 21

Current challenges 21

Future prospects 22

Future risks 26

Social analysis 29

Overview 29

Current strengths 29

Current challenges 29

Future prospects 30

Future risks 30

Technology analysis 34

Overview 34

Current strengths 34

Current challenges 34

Future prospects 35

Future risks 36

Legal analysis 37

Overview 37

Current strengths 37

Current challenges 38

Future prospects 38

Future risks 39

Environmental analysis 41

Overview 41

Current strengths 41

Current challenges 42

Future prospects 42

Future risks 43

Political Landscape 44

Summary 44

Evolution 44

Pre-1950s 44

1950–1990 44

1991–2017 45

Structure and policies 47

Key political figures 47

Structure of government 47

Center/federal 47

State/provincial 47

Key political parties 48

Composition of legislature 49

Key policies 49

Performance 50

Governance indicators 50

Outlook 51

Economic Landscape 52

Summary 52

Evolution 52

Structure and policies 53

Financial authorities and regulators 53

Stock markets and derivatives 53

Insurance 54

Performance 55

GDP and growth rate 55

Fiscal situation 60

Current account 60

Exports and imports 60

International investment position 61

Monetary situation 61

Employment 62

Outlook 62

Social Landscape 63

Summary 63

Evolution 63

Structure and policies 63

Demographic composition 63

Education 65

Healthcare 66

Performance 67

Healthcare 67

Education 68

Outlook 68

Technological Landscape 69

Summary 69

Evolution 69

Structure and policies 69

Intellectual property 69

Performance 70

Opportunity sectors 70

Outlook 71

Legal Landscape 72

Summary 72

Evolution 72

Structure and policies 72

Structure of the judicial system 72

Tax regulations 72

Performance 73

Effectiveness of the legal system 73

Outlook 73

Environmental Landscape 74

Summary 74

Evolution 74

Structure and policies 74

Environmental regulations 74

Performance 74

Environmental impact 74

The renewable energy market 75

Outlook 75

Appendix 77

ISO codes of selected countries 77

Ask the analyst 78

Disclaimer 78

List of Tables

List of Tables

Table 1: The UK – Key Fundamentals, 2014–2021f 6

Table 2: The UK – Key Facts, 2018 14

Table 3: The UK ...

List of Tables

Table 1: The UK – Key Fundamentals, 2014–2021f 6

Table 2: The UK – Key Facts, 2018 14

Table 3: The UK – Analysis of the Political Landscape 17

Table 4: The UK – Analysis of the Economy 21

Table 5: The UK – Analysis of the Social System 29

Table 6: The UK – Analysis of Technological Landscape 34

Table 7: The UK – Analysis of the Legal Landscape 37

Table 8: The UK – Analysis of the Environmental Landscape 41

Table 9: The UK – Comparative Performance on Receipt of Patents, 2012–2015 69

List of Figures

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of the UK, 2018 15

Figure 2: The UK – Labor Productivity, 2000–2016 23

Figure 3: The UK – ...

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of the UK, 2018 15

Figure 2: The UK – Labor Productivity, 2000–2016 23

Figure 3: The UK – GDP per Hours Worked ($), 2002–2016 23

Figure 4: The UK – Total Capital Ratio (%), Q1 2014 – Q2 2017 25

Figure 5: The UK – Total Capital of Banks (EUR Billions), Q1 2014 – Q2 2017 25

Figure 6: The UK – Government Deficit (%), 2012 and 2016 26

Figure 7: The UK – Household Debt-and-price-to-Disposable-Income Ratio, 2000–2016 27

Figure 8: The UK – Real Estate Transactions (Thousands), 2015–2016 and 2016–2017 28

Figure 9: The UK – Old Age Dependency Ratio (%), 2016 and 2050 31

Figure 10: The UK – Gini Coefficient and Relative Poverty, 2014 33

Figure 11: The UK – Government Funding of R&D (%), 2015 36

Figure 12: The UK – Product Market Regulations, 2008 vs 2013 39

Figure 13: The UK – FDI Restrictiveness Index, 2016 40

Figure 14: The UK – Political Events Timeline 46

Figure 15: The UK – Key Political Figures, 2018 47

Figure 16: The UK – Composition of Legislature, 2017 49

Figure 17: The UK – Historical GDP Growth (%), 2006–2016 53

Figure 18: The UK – GDP and GDP Growth Rate ($ Trillion), 2011–2021f 55

Figure 19: The UK – Economic Contribution to GDP by Sector (%), 2016 56

Figure 20: The UK – Agricultural Output (£ Billion), 2011–2016 57

Figure 21: The UK – Industrial Output (£ Billion), 2011–2016 58

Figure 22: The UK – Service Sector Output (£ Billion), 2011–2016 59

Figure 23: The UK – External Trade Position ($ Billion), 2012–2016 60

Figure 24: The UK – Consumer Price Index and Consumer Price Index-Based Inflation (%), 2011–2021f 61

Figure 25: The UK – Unemployment (Millions), 2011–2021f 62

Figure 26: The UK – Population by Age and Gender (as Percentage of the Total Population), 2016 64

Figure 27: The UK – Major Religions (%), 2011 65

Figure 28: The UK – Total Healthcare Expenditure ($ Billion), 2009–2015 67

Figure 29: The UK – Public Education Expenditure ($ Billion), 2011–2016 68

Figure 30: The UK – Internet Users (Millions), 2012–2016 70

Figure 31: The UK – Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons) and Growth (%), 2008–2015 75

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