The Netherlands: In-depth PEST Insights

This PESTLE country analysis report on The Netherlands provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.


– Understand the political system in The Netherlands through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

– Understand the economic situation in The Netherlands through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

– Understand customer demographics in The Netherlands through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

– Understand the technological landscape in The Netherlands through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.

– Understand the legal landscape in The Netherlands through analysis of the judicial system as well as performance of the legal indicators

– Understand the environmental landscape in The Netherlands through analysis of the environmental regulations and the performance of the environmental indicators


– The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in The Netherlands, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

– The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of The Netherlands 's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."

– The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Reasons to buy

- What is the outlook in The Netherlands in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

- How does The Netherlands perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

- How does The Netherlands perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

- How does The Netherlands perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


1.1. Catalyst

1.2. Summary

1.2.1. Key findings

1.2.2. PESTLE highlights

1.2.3. Key fundamentals


2.1. Key facts

2.2. Geographical location


3.1. Summary

3.2. Political analysis

3.2.1. Overview

3.2.2. Current strengths

3.2.3. Current challenges

3.2.4. Future prospects

3.2.5. Future risks

3.3. Economic analysis

3.3.1. Overview

3.3.2. Current strengths

3.3.3. Current challenges

3.3.4. Future prospects

3.3.5. Future risks

3.4. Social analysis

3.4.1. Overview

3.4.2. Current strengths

3.4.3. Current challenges

3.4.4. Future prospects

3.4.5. Future risks

3.5. Technological analysis

3.5.1. Overview

3.5.2. Current strengths

3.5.3. Current challenges

3.5.4. Future prospects

3.5.5. Future risks

3.6. Legal analysis

3.6.1. Overview

3.6.2. Current strengths

3.6.3. Current challenges

3.6.4. Future prospects

3.6.5. Future risks

3.7. Environmental analysis

3.7.1. Overview

3.7.2. Current strengths

3.7.3. Current challenges

3.7.4. Future prospects

3.7.5. Future risks


4.1. Summary

4.2. Evolution

4.2.1. Pre-1950s

4.2.2. 195080

4.2.3. 19802000

4.2.4. 20002004

4.2.5. 20052019

4.3. Structure and policies

4.3.1. Key political figures

4.3.2. Structure of the government

4.3.3. Structure of legislature

4.3.4. Key policies

4.4. Performance

4.4.1. Governance indicators

4.5. Outlook


5.1. Summary

5.2. Evolution

5.2.1. 20022018

5.3. Structure and policies

5.3.1. Financial system

5.4. Performance

5.4.1. GDP and growth rate

5.4.2. GDP composition by sector

5.4.3. Fiscal situation

5.4.4. Current account

5.4.5. Foreign trade

5.4.6. International investment position

5.4.7. Monetary situation

5.4.8. Key monetary indicators

5.4.9. Unemployment

5.5. Outlook


6.1. Summary

6.2. Evolution

6.3. Structure and policies

6.3.1. Demographic composition

6.3.2. Education

6.3.3. Healthcare

6.3.4. Social welfare

6.4. Performance

6.4.1. Healthcare

6.4.2. Income distribution

6.4.3. Education

6.5. Outlook


7.1. Summary

7.2. Evolution

7.3. Structure and policies

7.3.1. Intellectual property

7.3.2. R&D

7.4. Performance

7.4.1. Opportunity sectors

7.4.2. R&D expenditure

7.5. Outlook


8.1. Summary

8.2. Evolution

8.3. Structure and policies

8.3.1. Structure of the judicial system

8.3.2. Legislation affecting business

8.3.3. Tax regulations

8.4. Performance

8.4.1. Effectiveness of the legal system

8.5. Outlook


9.1. Summary

9.2. Evolution

9.3. Structure and policies

9.3.1. Environmental regulations

9.3.2. Environmental actions

9.4. Performance

9.4.1. Environmental impact

9.5. Outlook


10.1. Ask the analyst

10.2. Disclaimer

List of Tables

List of Tables

Table 1: The Netherlands – Key Fundamentals, 20162023f

Table 2: The Netherlands Key Facts, 2019

Table 3: Analysis of the Dutch Political Landscape

Table 4: Analysis of the Dutch Economic Landscape

Table 5: Analysis of the Dutch Social Landscape

Table 6: Analysis of the Dutch Technological Landscape

Table 7: Analysis of the Dutch Legal Landscape

Table 8: Analysis of the Dutch Environmental Landscape

Table: Mid-year Population by Age (as a Percentage of the Total Population), 2018

Table 10: The Netherlands Patents Received from the US Patent and Trademark Office, 20102018

Table 11: International Environmental Treaties Signed and Ratified by the Netherlands

List of Figures

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of the Netherlands

Figure 2: The Netherlands’ Real GDP Growth Rate (%), 20112018

Figure 3: The Netherlands’ Current Account Surplus (US$ Billion/% of GDP), 20132018

Figure 4: Household Debt Comparison of OECD Countries (% of GDI), 2018 or Latest Available Data

Figure 5: Comparison of Real Average Growth and Labor Productivity, 19902017

Figure 6: The Netherlands’ Budget Balance (% of GDP), 20092018

Figure 7: The Netherlands’ Real House Price Index (2007=100), 19962016

Figure 8: The Netherlands and the EU27’s Trade with the UK (% of GDP), 2016

Figure 9: The Netherlands Comparison of Population with Tertiary Education (%), 2017

Figure 10: The Netherlands’ Labor Market Participation Rate by Gender (%), 20082018

Figure 11: The Netherlands’ Old Age Dependency Ratio, 2050

Figure 12: The Netherlands Researchers per 1,000 Employed, 2017

Figure 13: The Netherlands Household Internet Connectivity Comparison, 2018

Figure 14: The Netherlands Total R&D Expenditure Comparison (% of GDP), 2017

Figure 15: The Netherlands Company Spending on R&D Index Comparison, 2017

Figure 16: The Netherlands Cost of Starting a Business (% of GNI Per Capita), 2018

Figure 17: The Netherlands FDI Restrictiveness Index Comparison, 2018

Figure 18: The Netherlands Product Market Competition, 2018

Figure 19: The Netherlands’ Construction Permit System Score Comparison, 2019

Figure 20: The Netherlands’ Getting Credit Score Comparison, 2019

Figure 21: Time Taken to Comply with Tax (Hours per Year), 2018

Figure 22: Tax Wedge (% of Labor Cost), 2018

Figure 23: The Netherlands Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Million Tonnes), 2016

Figure 24: Exposure to PM2.5 (Micrograms Per Cubic Meter), 2017

Figure 25: The Netherlands Municipal Waste Generation Intensity (Kilogram Per Capita), 2017

Figure 26: The Netherlands Share of Energy from Renewable Sources (%), 2017

Figure 27: The Netherlands Political Events Timeline

Figure 28: The Netherlands Key Political Figures

Figure 29: The Netherlands Distribution of Seats in the House of Representatives, 2019

Figure 30: Evolution of GDP Growth in the Netherlands, 20072018

Figure 31: The Netherlands GDP Growth Rate (US$ Billion/%), 20132023f

Figure 32: Sector-specific GDP in the Netherlands, 2018e

Figure 33: Agricultural Output in the Netherlands (EUR Billion/%), 20132018e

Figure 34: Industrial Output in the Netherlands (EUR Billion/%), 20132018e

Figure 35: Services Output in the Netherlands (EUR Billion/%), 20132018e

Figure 36: The Netherlands’ External Trade Position (US$ Billion/%), 20142018

Figure 37: Consumer Price Index and CPI-based Inflation in the Netherlands, 20132023f

Figure 38: Unemployment in the Netherlands (Thousands/%), 20132023f

Figure 39: Major Religions in the Netherlands, 2017

Figure 40: Healthcare Expenditure in the Netherlands (US$ Billion/%), 20082017

Figure 41: Public Education Expenditure in the Netherlands (US$ Billion/%), 20072016

Figure 42: Internet Users in the Netherlands (Millions/%), 20132018e

Figure 43: Carbon Dioxide Emissions in the Netherlands (Million Tons/%), 2010-2017


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