Netherlands: In-depth PESTLE Insights

This PESTLE country analysis report on Netherlands provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.

Key Highlights

- The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in Netherlands, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

- The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of Netherlands's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."

- The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Scope

- Understand the political system in Netherlands through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

- Understand the economic situation in Netherlands through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

- Understand customer demographics in Netherlands through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

- Understand the technological landscape in Netherlands through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.

Reasons to buy

- What is the outlook in Netherlands in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

- How does Netherlands perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

- How does Netherlands perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

- How does Netherlands perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Overview 2

Catalyst 2

Summary 2

Key findings 2

PESTLE highlights 4

Key fundamentals 6

Key Facts and Geographic Location 15

Key ...

Table of Contents

Overview 2

Catalyst 2

Summary 2

Key findings 2

PESTLE highlights 4

Key fundamentals 6

Key Facts and Geographic Location 15

Key facts 15

Geographical location 16

PESTLE Analysis 17

Summary 17

Political analysis 18

Overview 18

Current strengths 18

Current challenges 19

Future prospects 20

Future risks 20

Economic analysis 21

Overview 21

Current strengths 21

Current challenges 22

Future risks 25

Social analysis 26

Overview 26

Current strengths 26

Current challenges 27

Future prospects 30

Future risks 32

Technological analysis 34

Overview 34

Current strengths 34

Current challenges 36

Future prospects 40

Future risks 41

Legal analysis 44

Overview 44

Current strengths 44

Current challenges 46

Future prospects 46

Future risks 47

Environmental analysis 50

Overview 50

Current strengths 50

Current challenges 52

Future prospects 55

Future risks 56

Political Landscape 58

Summary 58

Evolution 58

Pre-1950s 58

1950–80 59

1980–2000 59

2000–04 59

2005–17 60

Structure and policies 61

Key political figures 61

Structure of the government 61

Structure of legislature 62

Key policies 63

Performance 64

Governance indicators 64

Outlook 65

Economic Landscape 66

Summary 66

Evolution 66

2002–16 66

Structure and policies 67

Financial system 67

Performance 68

GDP and growth rate 68

GDP composition by sector 69

Fiscal situation 73

Current account 73

Foreign trade 73

International investment position 74

Monetary situation 74

Key monetary indicators 75

Unemployment 76

Outlook 76

Social Landscape 77

Summary 77

Evolution 77

Structure and policies 77

Demographic composition 77

Education 79

Healthcare 79

Social welfare 80

Performance 80

Healthcare 80

Income distribution 81

Education 81

Outlook 82

Technological Landscape 83

Summary 83

Evolution 83

Structure and policies 83

Intellectual property 83

R&D 84

Performance 84

Opportunity sectors 84

R&D expenditure 85

Outlook 85

Legal Landscape 86

Summary 86

Evolution 86

Structure and policies 86

Structure of the judicial system 86

Legislation affecting business 86

Tax regulations 87

Performance 87

Effectiveness of the legal system 87

Outlook 87

Environmental Landscape 88

Summary 88

Evolution 88

Structure and policies 88

Environmental regulations 88

Environmental actions 88

Performance 89

Environmental impact 89

Outlook 90

Appendix 91

Ask the analyst 92

Disclaimer 92

List of Tables

List of Tables

Table 1: The Netherlands – key fundamentals 6

Table 2: The Netherlands – key facts 15

Table 3: Analysis of the Netherlands’ ...

List of Tables

Table 1: The Netherlands – key fundamentals 6

Table 2: The Netherlands – key facts 15

Table 3: Analysis of the Netherlands’ political landscape 18

Table 4: Analysis of the Netherlands’ economic landscape 21

Table 5: Analysis of the Netherlands’ social landscape 26

Table 6: Analysis of the Netherlands’ technological landscape 34

Table 7: Analysis of the Netherlands’ legal landscape 44

Table 8: Analysis of the Netherlands’ environmental landscape 50

Table 9: Mid-year population by age (percentage) as of gender, 2016 78

Table 10: Patents received by the Netherlands from the US Patent and Trademark Office, 2006–15 84

Table 11: International environmental treaties signed and ratified by the Netherlands 89

List of Figures

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of the Netherlands 16

Figure 2: Motorway network density, 2014 or latest available 22

Figure 3:Average labor productivity growth ...

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of the Netherlands 16

Figure 2: Motorway network density, 2014 or latest available 22

Figure 3:Average labor productivity growth in selected countries, 2016 23

Figure 4: Capital ratio, 2011Q1-2017Q2 24

Figure 5: Non-performing loans, 2014-16 25

Figure 6: Labor market participation rates by gender (15 to 64 years), 2000-16 27

Figure 7: Incidence of part-time work, 2016 28

Figure 8: Gross gender gap in median earnings of full-time equivalent employees, 2014 29

Figure 9: Public spending on childcare and pre-primary education, 2013 30

Figure 10: Population that has attained upper secondary education (25-34 year olds), 2016 31

Figure 11: Population that has attained tertiary education (25-34 year olds), 2016 32

Figure 12: Ageing population (65+) 33

Figure 13: Graduation rate at doctoral level, 2014 35

Figure 14: Persons employed by enterprise Size, 2014 or latest available year 36

Figure 15: Fixed Broadband basket, High user, including 200 GB / month, 25 Mbps and above, June 2017 37

Figure 16: Mobile Broadband Basket, low user, including 100 calls + 500 MB, May - 2017 38

Figure 17: Fixed broadband subscriptions, December 2016 39

Figure 18: Business Collaboration on innovation with higher education institute as percentage of product / process innovating businesses in each size category, 2012-2014 40

Figure 20: Business enterprise expenditure on R&D, 2005 and 2015 42

Figure 20: R&D expenditure by ICT equipment and information services industries, 2015 43

Figure 21: FDI restrictiveness in select countries, 2016 45

Figure 22: Product market regulations, 2008 and 2013 46

Figure 23: Tax wedge in the OECD countries, 2016 48

Figure 24: Tax wedge by family type, 2016 49

Figure 25: GHG emission per capita in the OECD countries, 2015 51

Figure 26: Road fuel taxes-diesel and unleaded premium, 2011 52

Figure 27: PM2.5 air pollution, mean annual exposure, 2015 53

Figure 28: Municipal waste generation intensities per capita among the OECD countries, 2015 54

Figure 29: Energy generated from renewable sources, 2016 55

Figure 30: Population exposed today (2012) and in the 2070s 56

Figure 31: Assets exposed today (2012) and in the 2070s 57

Figure 32: The Netherlands – political events timeline 59

Figure 33: The Netherlands – key political figures 61

Figure 34: Distribution of seats in the House of Representatives Netherlands, 2017 63

Figure 35: Evolution of GDP growth in the Netherlands,2006–2016 67

Figure 36: GDP growth rate of the Netherlands, 2011-21f 69

Figure 37: Sector-specific GDP in the Netherlands, 2016 70

Figure 38: Agricultural output in the Netherlands, 2011-16 71

Figure 39: Industrial output in the Netherlands, 2011-16 72

Figure 40: Services output in the Netherlands, 2011-16 73

Figure 41: The Netherlands’ external trade position, 2012-16 74

Figure 42: Consumer price index and consumer price index-based inflation in the Netherlands, 2011-21f 75

Figure 43: Unemployment in the Netherlands, 2011-21f 76

Figure 44: Major religions in the Netherlands 79

Figure 45: Healthcare expenditure in the Netherlands, 2009-15 81

Figure 46: Public education expenditure in the Netherlands, 2001-16 82

Figure 47: Internet users in the Netherlands, 2012-16 85

Figure 48: Carbon dioxide emissions in the Netherlands, 2008-15 90

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