South Korea - In-depth PESTLE insights

This PESTLE country analysis report on South Korea provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.

Synopsis

- Understand the political system in South Korea through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

- Understand the economic situation in South Korea through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

- Understand customer demographics in South Korea through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

- Understand the technological landscape in South Korea through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.

Scope

- The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in South Korea, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

- The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of South Korea's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."

- The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Reasons to buy

- What is the outlook in South Korea in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

- How does South Korea perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

- How does South Korea perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

- How does South Korea perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Overview 2

Catalyst 2

Summary 2

Key findings 2

PESTLE highlights 4

Key fundamentals 5

Key Facts and Geographic Location 13

Key ...

Table of Contents

Overview 2

Catalyst 2

Summary 2

Key findings 2

PESTLE highlights 4

Key fundamentals 5

Key Facts and Geographic Location 13

Key facts 13

Geographical location 14

PESTLE Analysis 15

Summary 15

Political analysis 16

Overview 16

Current strengths 16

Current challenges 17

Future prospects 17

Future risks 17

Economic analysis 19

Overview 19

Current strengths 19

Current challenges 23

Future prospects 25

Social analysis 27

Overview 27

Current strengths 27

Current challenges 29

Future prospects 32

Future risks 32

Technological analysis 34

Overview 34

Current strengths 34

Current challenges 36

Future prospects 36

Future risks 37

Legal analysis 38

Overview 38

Current strengths 38

Current challenges 38

Future prospects 40

Future risks 41

Environmental analysis 42

Overview 42

Current strengths 42

Current challenges 43

Future prospects 43

Future risks 43

Political Landscape 45

Summary 45

Evolution 45

Pre-1950s 45

1950-1960 46

1960-1980 46

1980-1990 47

1990-2002 47

2002-2017 47

Structure and policies 48

Key political figures 48

Structure of government 48

Key political parties 49

Composition of government 50

Key policies 50

Economic 50

Social 50

Foreign 51

Performance 51

Governance indicators 51

Outlook 52

Economic Landscape 53

Summary 53

Evolution 53

1945-1990 53

1990-1997 53

1997-2016 54

Structure and policies 55

Financial system 55

Financial authorities/regulators 55

Performance 56

GDP and growth rate 56

Fiscal situation 61

International investment position 63

Monetary situation 63

Employment 65

Outlook 65

Social Landscape 66

Summary 66

Evolution 66

Structure and policies 67

Demographic composition 67

Education 68

Healthcare 69

Social welfare 69

Nationwide initiatives 69

Performance 70

Healthcare 70

Income distribution 71

Education 71

Outlook 72

Technological Landscape 73

Summary 73

Evolution 73

Structure and policies 74

Intellectual property 74

R&D 74

Performance 74

Opportunity sectors 74

Outlook 75

Legal Landscape 76

Summary 76

Evolution 76

Structure and policies 76

Judicial system 76

Trials and legislation 78

Tax regulations 78

Performance 79

Effectiveness of the legal system 79

Legal indicators 79

Outlook 79

Environmental Landscape 80

Summary 80

Evolution 80

Structure and policies 80

Environmental regulations 80

Environmental actions 81

Participation in global efforts/agreements/pacts 81

Performance 81

Environmental impact 81

Outlook 82

Appendix 84

ISO codes of selected countries 84

Ask the analyst 85

Disclaimer 85

List of Tables

List of Tables

Table 1: South Korea - Key Fundamentals (US$ Billion / %), 2015-2021f 5

Table 2: South Korea - Key Facts 13

Table ...

List of Tables

Table 1: South Korea - Key Fundamentals (US$ Billion / %), 2015-2021f 5

Table 2: South Korea - Key Facts 13

Table 3: South Korea - Political Landscape 16

Table 4: South Korea - Economic Landscape 19

Table 5: South Korea - Social Landscape 27

Table 6: South Korea - Technological Landscape 34

Table 7: South Korea - Legal Landscape 38

Table 8: South Korea - Environmental Landscape 42

Table 9: South Korea - Population by Age and Gender (as a Percentage of the Total Population), 2016 67

Table 10: South Korea - Patents Granted, 2009-2015 74

List of Figures

List of Figures

Figure 1: South Korea - Map 14

Figure 2: Labor Productivity and Unit Labor Costs among OECD Countries (%), 2016 21

Figure ...

List of Figures

Figure 1: South Korea - Map 14

Figure 2: Labor Productivity and Unit Labor Costs among OECD Countries (%), 2016 21

Figure 4: South Korea - Banking Sector by Liquid Assets, Equity to Assets, and Deposits (%), 2015 22

Figure 5: South Korea - Services Sector Performance relative to OECD Countries (%), 2016 23

Figure 6: South Korea - Source of SME Financing (%), 2009-2013 24

Figure 7: South Korea - Export Growth, 2006-2016 25

Figure 8: South Korea - Government Guarantees as a share of GDP (%), 2015 26

Figure 9: Per Capita Doctor Consultations in OECD Countries, 2015 28

Figure 10: Tertiary Education Outcomes for 25-64 Year Olds in OECD countries, 2016 29

Figure 11: Social Spending Trends in OECD Countries, 2016 30

Figure 12: South Korea - Labor Market Dualism, Annual Income Earned Before Taxes, 2011 31

Figure 13: South Korea - Gender Wage Gap (%), 2016 32

Figure 14: OECD Populations Aged 65+ and 15-64 as a Percentage of the Total Population, 2014-2050 33

Figure 15: South Korea - Telecom Growth (Subscribers / %), 2006-2016 35

Figure 16: Innovation and Technology Indicators in Major Countries (%), 2015 36

Figure 17: OECD Internationalization in R&D (%), 2015 37

Figure 18: Professional Services Regulations in Select OECD Countries, 2013 39

Figure 19: Regulations in Energy, Transport and Communications in Select OECD Countries, 2013 40

Figure 20: Barriers to Trade and Investment in Select OECD countries 41

Figure 20: OECD Water Taken from Ground or Surface Water Sources, 2014 44

Figure 21: South Korea - Key Political Events Since Independence, 1950-2017 46

Figure 22: South Korea - key political figures 48

Figure 23: South Korea - Distribution of Seats Following Elections, 2017 50

Figure 24: South Korea - Evolution of GDP (%), 2006-2016 55

Figure 25: South Korea - GDP Growth Rate (US$ Billion), 2011-2021f 57

Figure 26: South Korea - GDP by Sector (%), 2016 58

Figure 27: South Korea - Agricultural Outputs (%), 2011-2016 59

Figure 28: South Korea - Industrial Output (%), 2011-2016 60

Figure 29: South Korea - Services Output (%), 2011-2016 61

Figure 30: South Korea - External Trade Positions (US$ Billion), 2012-2016 62

Figure 31: South Korea - Consumer Price Index and CPI-Based Inflation (%), 2011-2021f 64

Figure 32: South Korea - Unemployment Rate (%), 2011-2021f 65

Figure 33: South Korea - Population by Religion (%), 2015 68

Figure 34: South Korea - Healthcare Expenditure (US$ Billion %), 2009-2015 71

Figure 35: South Korea - Educational Expenditure (US$ Billion / %), 2010-2015 72

Figure 36: South Korea - Internet Users (%), 2012-2016 75

Figure 37: South Korea - Judicial Structure , 2017 77

Figure 38: South Korea - Carbon Dioxide Emissions , 2008-2015 82

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