Spain: In-depth PESTLE Insights

This PESTLE country analysis report on Spain provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.

Synopsis

- Understand the political system in Spain through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

- Understand the economic situation in Spain through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

- Understand customer demographics in Spain through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

- Understand the technological landscape in Spain through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.

Scope

- The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in Spain, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

- The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of Spain's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."

- The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Reasons to buy

- What is the outlook in Spain in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

- How does Spain perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

- How does Spain perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

- How does Spain perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

Companies mentioned

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Overview 2

Catalyst 2

Summary 2

Key findings 2

PESTLE highlights 4

Key fundamentals 6

Key Facts and Geographic Location 13

Key ...

Table of Contents

Overview 2

Catalyst 2

Summary 2

Key findings 2

PESTLE highlights 4

Key fundamentals 6

Key Facts and Geographic Location 13

Key facts 13

Geographic location 14

PESTLE Analysis 15

Summary 15

Political analysis 16

Overview 16

Current strengths 16

Current challenges 17

Future prospects 17

Future risks 17

Economic analysis 19

Overview 19

Current strengths 19

Current challenges 20

Future prospects 22

Future risks 27

Social analysis 28

Overview 28

Current strengths 28

Current challenges 31

Future prospects 33

Future risks 34

Technological analysis 37

Overview 37

Current strengths 37

Current challenges 37

Future prospects 38

Future risks 38

Legal analysis 40

Overview 40

Current strengths 40

Current challenges 41

Future prospects 42

Future risks 44

Environmental analysis 45

Overview 45

Current strengths 45

Current challenges 46

Future prospects 46

Future risks 47

Political Landscape 48

Summary 48

Evolution 48

Pre-1940 48

1976-2000 49

2001-17 49

Structure and policies 50

Key political figures 50

Structure of government 51

Structure of legislature 51

Key political parties 51

Key policies 53

Performance 54

Governance indicators 54

Outlook 55

Economic Landscape 56

Summary 56

Evolution 56

1940-75 56

1976-2017 57

Structure and policies 58

Financial system 58

Spanish stock market 58

Insurance 59

Performance 59

GDP and growth rate 59

GDP composition by sector 61

Fiscal situation 64

Current account 64

Exports and imports 64

External debt 65

International investment position 65

Monetary situation 66

Outlook 68

Social Landscape 69

Summary 69

Evolution 69

Structure and policies 69

Demographic composition 69

Education 70

Healthcare 71

Social welfare 71

Performance 72

Healthcare 72

Education 72

Outlook 73

Technological Landscape 74

Summary 74

Evolution 74

Structure and policies 74

Intellectual property 75

Performance 75

Mobile and internet 75

Outlook 76

Legal Landscape 77

Summary 77

Evolution 77

Structure and policies 77

Judicial system 77

Labor laws 78

Corporate governance 78

Performance 79

Effectiveness of the legal system 79

Outlook 79

Environmental Landscape 80

Summary 80

Evolution 80

Structure and policies 80

Environmental regulations 80

Performance 81

Environmental impact 81

Outlook 82

Appendix 83

Ask the analyst 84

Disclaimer 84

List of Tables

List of Tables

Table 1: Spain - key fundamentals 6

Table 2: Spain - key facts, 2018 13

Table 3: Analysis of Spain’s political landscape ...

List of Tables

Table 1: Spain - key fundamentals 6

Table 2: Spain - key facts, 2018 13

Table 3: Analysis of Spain’s political landscape 16

Table 4: Analysis of Spain’s economy 19

Table 5: Analysis of Spain’s social system 28

Table 6: Analysis of Spain’s technology landscape 37

Table 7: Comparative performance - patents granted from USPTO 39

Table 8: Analysis of Spain’s legal landscape 40

Table 9: Analysis of Spain’s environmental landscape 45

Table 10: Mid-year population by age (as a percentage of total population), 2017 70

List of Figures

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of Spain 14

Figure 2: General government deficit, 2016 21

Figure 3: General government revenue and expenditure, 2000-2016 21 ...

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of Spain 14

Figure 2: General government deficit, 2016 21

Figure 3: General government revenue and expenditure, 2000-2016 21

Figure 4: General government debt, 2016 22

Figure 5: Relative unit labor cost, 2014-2017 23

Figure 6: Real effective exchange rate (2008-16) 24

Figure 7: Banking system assets, December 2016 26

Figure 8: Tertiary-educated adults in 2016 (25-64 year-olds) 29

Figure 9: Enrolment rates of 20-29 year-olds (2015) 30

Figure 10: Total fertility rate, 2007-2016 31

Figure 11: Social Expenditure, 2000, 2005, 2010-2016 32

Figure 12: Old age support ratio, 1950-2100 33

Figure 13: Long term unemployment, 2016 34

Figure 14: Gini coefficient and relative poverty, 2014 or latest available year 35

Figure 15: S80/S20 quintile share ratio, 2015 36

Figure 16: R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP, 2016 38

Figure 17: FDI restrictiveness, 2016 41

Figure 18: Product market regulation, overall 43

Figure 19: Product market regulation, Retail 43

Figure 20: Tax component for light fuel oil prices for households, 2015 47

Figure 21: Spain - key political events since 1935 49

Figure 22: Spain - key political figures 50

Figure 23: Structure of the Spanish government 51

Figure 24: Structure of parliament, 2017 53

Figure 25: Spain - historical GDP growth, 2007-17 57

Figure 26: GDP and GDP growth rate in Spain, 2012-22 60

Figure 27: GDP composition by sectors, 2017 61

Figure 28: Agricultural output of Spain, 2012-17 62

Figure 29: Industrial output of Spain, 2012-17 63

Figure 30: Services output of Spain, 2012-17 64

Figure 31: External trade of Spain, 2012-16 65

Figure 32: Consumer price index and consumer price index-based inflation in Spain, 2012-22 67

Figure 33: Unemployment rate in Spain, 2012-17 68

Figure 34: Expenditure on healthcare in Spain, 2001-17 72

Figure 35: Expenditure on education in Spain, Public 2010-16 73

Figure 36: Internet users, 2013-17 76

Figure 37: Spain - judicial structure 78

Figure 38: Carbon dioxide emissions in Spain, 2008-15 82

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