Saudi Arabia In-depth PESTLE Insights

This PESTLE country analysis report on Saudi Arabia provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.


– Understand the political system in Saudi Arabia through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

– Understand the economic situation in Saudi Arabia through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

– Understand customer demographics in Saudi Arabia through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

– Understand the technological landscape in Saudi Arabia through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.

– Understand the legal landscape in Saudi Arabia through analysis of the judicial system as well as performance of the legal indicators

– Understand the environmental landscape in Saudi Arabia through analysis of the environmental regulations and the performance of the environmental indicators


– The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in Saudi Arabia, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

– The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of Saudi Arabia 's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."

– The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Reasons to buy

- What is the outlook in Saudi Arabia in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

- How does Saudi Arabia perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

- How does Saudi Arabia perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

- How does Saudi Arabia perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


1.1. Catalyst

1.2. Summary

1.2.1. Key findings

1.2.2. PESTLE highlights

1.3. Key fundamentals

1.4. Impact of COVID-19 on the Saudi Arabian Economy

1.4.1. Snapshot

1.4.2. Government measures

1.4.3. Lockdown measures

1.4.4. Travel Restrictions

1.4.5. Stimulus Measures


2.1. Key facts

2.2. Geographical location


3.1. Summary

3.2. Political analysis

3.2.1. Overview

3.2.2. Current strengths

3.2.3. Current challenges

3.2.4. Future prospects

3.2.5. Future risks

3.3. Economic analysis

3.3.1. Overview

3.3.2. Current strengths

3.3.3. Current challenges

3.3.4. Future prospects

3.3.5. Future risks

3.4. Social analysis

3.4.1. Overview

3.4.2. Current strengths

3.4.3. Current challenges

3.4.4. Future prospects

3.4.5. Future risks

3.5. Technology analysis

3.5.1. Overview

3.5.2. Current strengths

3.5.3. Current challenges

3.5.4. Future prospects

3.5.5. Future risks

3.6. Legal analysis

3.6.1. Overview

3.6.2. Current strengths

3.6.3. Current challenges

3.6.4. Future prospects

3.7. Environmental analysis

3.7.1. Overview

3.7.2. Current strengths

3.7.3. Current challenges

3.7.4. Future prospects

3.7.5. Future risks


4.1. Summary

4.2. Evolution

4.3. Structure and policies

4.3.1. Key political figures

4.3.2. Structure of government

4.3.3. Key policies

4.4. Performance

4.4.1. Governance indicators

4.5. Outlook


5.1. Summary

5.2. Evolution

5.3. Structure and policies

5.3.1. Financial authorities and regulators

5.4. Performance

5.4.1. GDP and growth rate

5.4.2. Fiscal situation

5.4.3. General government gross debt

5.4.4. Exports and imports

5.4.5. Current account

5.4.6. International investment position

5.4.7. Credit rating

5.4.8. Monetary situation

5.4.9. Employment

5.5. Outlook


6.1. Summary

6.2. Evolution

6.3. Structure and policies

6.3.1. Demographic composition

6.3.2. Education

6.3.3. Healthcare

6.3.4. Social welfare

6.4. Performance

6.4.1. Healthcare

6.4.2. Income distribution

6.4.3. Education

6.5. Outlook


7.1. Summary

7.2. Evolution

7.3. Structure and policies

7.3.1. Intellectual property

7.4. Performance

7.4.1. Telecommunications

7.5. Outlook


8.1. Summary

8.2. Evolution

8.3. Structure and policies

8.3.1. Judicial system

8.3.2. Legislation affecting business

8.3.3. Tax regulations

8.3.4. Trade regulations

8.3.5. Corporate governance

8.4. Performance

8.4.1. Effectiveness of the legal system

8.5. Outlook


9.1. Summary

9.2. Evolution

9.3. Structure and policies

9.3.1. Environmental regulations

9.3.2. Participation in global efforts, agreements, and pacts

9.4. Performance

9.4.1. Environmental impact

9.5. Outlook


10.1. ISO codes of selected countries

10.2. Ask the analyst

10.3. About GlobalData

10.4. Disclaimer

List of Tables

List of Tables

Table 1: Saudi Arabia – Key Fundamentals, 2018-2025f

Table 2: Saudi Arabia – Key Facts, 2021

Table 3: Analysis of Saudi Arabia's Political Landscape

Table 4: Analysis of Saudi Arabia's Economic Landscape

Table 5: Analysis of Saudi Arabia's Social Landscape

Table 6: Analysis of Saudi Arabia's Technological Landscape

Table 7: Analysis of Saudi Arabia's Legal Landscape

Table 8: Analysis of Saudi Arabia's Environmental Landscape

Table 9: Mid-Year Population by Age (as a Percentage of the Total Population), 2020e

Table 10: Patents Granted by the USPTO to Saudi Arabia, 2015-2020

List of Figures

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of Saudi Arabia, 2021

Figure 2: Expenditure on Defense (SAR Bn/%), 2010-2019

Figure 3: Saudi’s Proven Crude Oil And Natural Gas Reserves, 1990-2019

Figure 4: Unemployment Rate of Saudi population and Non-Saudi population (Q1 2019- Q4 2020)

Figure 5: Impact of COVID-19 on the economy

Figure 6: Percentage of Employees by Education Status and Nationality, Q3 2020

Figure 7: Market Capitalization of Listed Domestic Companies (US$ Billion/% of GDP), 2011-2019

Figure 8: Saudi Arabia – Key Political Events

Figure 9: Saudi Arabia – Key Political Figures

Figure 10: Historical GDP Growth of Saudi Arabia, 2011-2020e

Figure 11: Saudi Arabia- Tadawul All Shares Index (SASEIDX Index), (March 2020- March 2021)

Figure 12: GDP and GDP Growth Rate in Saudi Arabia (US$Bn/%), 2016-2025f

Figure 13: GDP Composition by Sector in Saudi Arabia, 2020e

Figure 14: Agricultural Output of Saudi Arabia (SAR Bn/%), 2016-2021f

Figure 15: Industrial Output of Saudi Arabia (SAR Tn/%), 2016-2021f

Figure 16: Services Output of Saudi Arabia (SAR Tn/%), 2016-2021f

Figure 17: General Government Net Lending/Borrowing of Saudi Arabia, 2016-2025f

Figure 18: General Government Gross Debt of Saudi Arabia, 2016-2025f

Figure 19: External Trade of Saudi Arabia (Percentage Change), 2016-2025f

Figure 20: Current Account Balance of Saudi Arabia, 2016-2025f

Figure 21: Consumer Price Index and CPI-based Inflation in Saudi Arabia, 2014-2024f

Figure 22: Unemployment Rate in Saudi Arabia (%), 2016-2025f

Figure 23: Total Expenditure on Healthcare in Saudi Arabia (US$ Billion/%), 2010-2018

Figure 24: Internet Users in Saudi Arabia, 2016-2020e

Figure 25: Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Saudi Arabia, 2010-2019


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