Hungary: In-depth PESTLE Insights

This PESTLE country analysis report on Hungary provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.


– Understand the political system in Hungary through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

– Understand the economic situation in Hungary through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

– Understand customer demographics in Hungary through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

– Understand the technological landscape in Hungary through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.

– Understand the legal landscape in Hungary through analysis of the judicial system as well as performance of the legal indicators

– Understand the environmental landscape in Hungary through analysis of the environmental regulations and the performance of the environmental indicators


– The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in Hungary, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

– The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of Hungary 's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."

– The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Reasons to buy

- What is the outlook in Hungary in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

- How does Hungary perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

- How does Hungary perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

- How does Hungary perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


1.1. Catalyst

1.2. Summary

1.2.1. Key findings

Key fundamentals




4.1. Summary

4.2. Political analysis

4.2.1. Overview

4.2.2. Current strengths

4.2.3. Future prospects

4.2.4. Future risks

4.3. Economic analysis

4.3.1. Overview

4.3.2. Current strengths

4.3.3. Current challenges

4.3.4. Future prospects

4.3.5. Future risks

4.4. Social analysis

4.4.1. Overview

4.4.2. Current strengths

4.4.3. Current challenges

4.4.4. Future prospects

4.4.5. Future risks

4.5. Technological analysis

4.5.1. Overview

4.5.2. Current strengths

4.5.3. Current challenges

4.5.4. Future prospects

4.5.5. Future risks

4.6. Legal analysis

4.6.1. Overview

4.6.2. Current strengths

4.6.3. Current challenges

4.6.4. Future prospects

4.6.5. Future risks

4.7. Environmental analysis

4.7.1. Overview

4.7.2. Current strengths

4.7.3. Current challenges

4.7.4. Future prospects

4.7.5. Future risks


5.1. Summary

5.2. Evolution

5.2.1. Structure and policies

5.2.2. Key political figures

5.2.3. Structure of government

5.2.4. Structure of legislature

5.2.5. Composition of legislature

5.2.6. Key policies

5.2.7. Performance

5.2.8. Governance indicators

5.3. Outlook


6.1. Summary

6.2. Evolution

6.3. Structure and policies

6.3.1. Financial system

6.4. Performance

6.4.1. GDP and growth rate

6.4.2. GDP composition by sector

6.4.3. General government deficit/surplus situation

6.4.4. External debt

6.4.5. Current Account

6.4.6. International trade

6.4.7. International investment position

6.4.8. Credit rating

6.4.9. Monetary situation

6.4.10. Key monetary indicators

6.4.11. Employment

6.5. Outlook


7.1. Summary

7.2. Evolution

7.3. Structure and policies

7.3.1. Composition by age and gender

7.3.2. Education


7.4. Performance

7.4.1. Healthcare

7.4.2. Education

7.5. Outlook


8.1. Summary

8.2. Evolution

8.3. Structure and policies

8.3.1. Intellectual Property

8.4. Performance

8.4.1. Telecommunications, broadband, and internet

8.5. Outlook


9.1. Summary

9.2. Evolution

9.3. Structure and policies

9.3.1. Judicial system

9.3.2. Taxation

9.4. Performance

9.4.1. Legal indicators

9.5. Outlook


10.1. Summary

10.2. Evolution

10.3. Structure and Policies

10.3.1. Environmental regulations

10.3.2. Environmental issues

10.4. Performance

10.4.1. Environmental impact

10.5. Outlook


11.1. Ask the analyst

11.2. Disclaimer

List of Tables

List of Tables

Table 1: Hungary – Key Fundamentals, 2017-2024f

Table 2: Hungary – Key Facts, 2020

Table 3: Analysis of Hungary’s Political Landscape

Table 4: Analysis of Hungary's Economic Landscape

Table 5: Analysis of Hungary’s Social System

Table 6: Analysis of Hungary’s Technological Landscape

Table 7: Patents Granted by the US Patent and Trademark Office, 2014-2019

Table 8: Analysis of Hungary’s Legal Landscape

Table 9: Analysis of Hungary’s Environmental Landscape

Table 10: Mid-year Population as a Percentage of the Total Population, 2019e

List of Figures

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of Hungary

Figure 2: Average of Real GDP Growth (%), 1999-2019

Figure 3: Employment by Industry (%), 2008-2018

Figure 4: Total Tax Wedge (% of Labour Cost), 2018

Figure 5: Bank Non-performing Loans to Total Gross Loans (%), 2008-2018

Figure 6: Number of Physicians, 2018 or Latest Year Available

Figure 7: Old Age Dependency Ratio, 2025f

Figure 8: Gross Domestic Spending on R&D (% of GDP), 2018 or Latest Year Available

Figure 9: Hungary – Tax Subsidy Rates on R&D Expenditures by Firm Size and Profit Scenario (1-B Index), 2019

Figure 10: Number of Crimes in Hungary, 2018

Figure 11: Product Market Regulations, 2018

Figure 12: Amount of Hazardous Waste, 2013-2018

Figure 13: Hungary – Political Events Timeline

Figure 14: Hungary – Key Political Figures

Figure 15: Composition of the Hungarian Parliament, 2018

Figure 16: Hungary – Historical GDP Growth, 2009-2019e

Figure 17: GDP and GDP Growth Rate in Hungary (US$ Bn/%), 2014-2024f

Figure 18: GDP Composition by Sector in Hungary, 2019e

Figure 19: Agricultural Output in Hungary (HUF Bn/%), 2013-2019e

Figure 20: Industrial Output in Hungary (HUF Billion/%), 2013-2019e

Figure 21: Services Output in Hungary (HUF Billion/%), 2013-2019e

Figure 22: External Trade of Hungary (US$ Bn/%), 2014-2018

Figure 23: Consumer Price Index and CPI-based Inflation in Hungary, 2014-2024f

Figure 24: Unemployment in Hungary (Thousands/%), 2014-2024f

Figure 25: Major Religions in Hungary, 2011

Figure 26: Expenditure on Healthcare in Hungary (US$ Billion/%), 2012-2018

Figure 27: Total Expenditure on Education in Hungary (US$ Billion/%), 2011-2016

Figure 28: Number of Internet Users in Hungary (Millions/%), 2014-2019e

Figure 29: Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Hungary (Million Tons/%), 2008-2017


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