Finland: In-depth PESTLE Insights

This PESTLE country analysis report on Finland provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.

Synopsis

– Understand the political system in Finland through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.

– Understand the economic situation in Finland through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.

– Understand customer demographics in Finland through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.

– Understand the technological landscape in Finland through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.

– Understand the legal landscape in Finland through analysis of the judicial system as well as performance of the legal indicators

– Understand the environmental landscape in Finland through analysis of the environmental regulations and the performance of the environmental indicators

Scope

– The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in Finland, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

– The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of Finland 's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."

– The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Reasons to buy

- What is the outlook in Finland in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

- How does Finland perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

- How does Finland perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

- How does Finland perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1. OVERVIEW

1.1. Catalyst

1.2. Summary

1.2.1. Key findings

1.2.2. PESTLE highlights

1.2.3. Key Fundamentals

2. KEY FACTS AND GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION

2.1. Key Facts

2.2. Geographical Location

3. PESTLE ANALYSIS

3.1. Summary

3.2. Political Analysis

3.2.1. Overview

3.2.2. Current Strengths

3.2.3. Current Challenges

3.2.4. Future Prospects

3.2.5. Future Risks

3.3. Economic Analysis

3.3.1. Overview

3.3.2. Current Strengths

3.3.3. Current Challenges

3.3.4. Future Prospects

3.3.5. Future Risks

3.4. Social Analysis

3.4.1. Overview

3.4.2. Current Strengths

3.4.3. Current Challenges

3.4.4. Future Prospects

3.4.5. Future Risks

3.5. Technological Analysis

3.5.1. Overview

3.5.2. Current Strengths

3.5.3. Current Challenges

3.5.4. Future Prospects

3.5.5. Future Risks

3.6. Legal Analysis

3.6.1. Overview

3.6.2. Current Strengths

3.6.3. Current Challenges

3.6.4. Future Prospects

3.6.5. Future Risks

3.7. Environmental Analysis

3.7.1. Overview

3.7.2. Current Strengths

3.7.3. Current Challenges

3.7.4. Future Prospects

3.7.5. Future Risks

4. POLITICAL LANDSCAPE

4.1. Summary

4.2. Evolution

4.3. Structure and Policies

4.3.1. Key Political Figures

4.3.2. Structure of Government

4.3.3. Key Political Parties

4.3.4. Composition of Government

4.3.5. Key Policies

4.4. Performance

4.4.1. Governance Indicators

4.5. Outlook

5. ECONOMIC LANDSCAPE

5.1. Summary

5.2. Evolution

5.2.1. 1950-1990

5.2.2. 1991-2018

5.3. Structure and Policies

5.3.1. Financial System

5.3.2. OMX Nordic Exchange

5.4. Performance

5.4.1. GDP and GDP Growth Rate

5.4.2. GDP composition by sector

5.4.3. Fiscal Situation

5.4.4. External trade

5.4.5. International Investment Position

5.4.6. Monetary situation

5.4.7. Employment

5.5. Outlook

6. SOCIAL LANDSCAPE

6.1. Summary

6.2. Evolution

6.3. Structure and Policies

6.3.1. Demographic Composition

6.3.2. Education

6.4. Performance

6.4.1. Healthcare

6.4.2. Education

6.5. Outlook

7. TECHNOLOGICAL LANDSCAPE

7.1. Summary

7.2. Evolution

7.3. Structure and Policies

7.4. Performance

7.4.1. Mobile and internet users

7.4.2. R&D

7.5. Outlook

8. LEGAL LANDSCAPE

8.1. Summary

8.2. Evolution

8.3. Structure and Policies

8.3.1. Judicial System

8.3.2. Tax Regulations

8.3.3. Trade Regulations

8.3.4. Corporate Governance

8.4. Performance

8.4.1. Effectiveness of the Legal System

8.5. Outlook

9. ENVIRONMENTAL LANDSCAPE

9.1. Summary

9.2. Evolution

9.3. Structure and Policies

9.3.1. Environmental Regulations

9.4. Performance

9.4.1. Environmental Impact

9.5. Outlook

10. APPENDIX

10.1. ISO codes of selected countries

10.2. Ask the analyst

10.3. Disclaimer

List of Tables

List of Tables

Table 1: Finland – Key Fundamentals, 2017-2024f

Table 2: Finland – Key Facts, 2020

Table 3: Analysis of Finland’s Political Landscape

Table 4: Analysis of Finland’s Economic Landscape

Table 5: Analysis of Finland’s Social Landscape

Table 6: Analysis of Finland’s Technological Landscape

Table 7: Analysis of Finland’s Legal Landscape

Table 8: Analysis of Finland’s Environmental Landscape

Table 9: Mid-year Population by Age (as a % of the Population, by Gender) 2019e

List of Figures

List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of Finland

Figure 2: Annual Growth Rate – Real Gross Domestic Product (Volume), 2000-2019e

Figure 3: FDI Regulatory Restrictiveness Index, 2018

Figure 4: GDP Per Capita (Current PPP), 2010-2018

Figure 5: Labor Productivity – GDP Per Hour Worked (2010 PPP), 2008-2018

Figure 6: Average Annual Hours Actually Worked Per Worker, 2008-2018

Figure 7: General Government Gross Debt, EUR Billion, 2009-2019e

Figure 8: Long- and Short-Term Rates, January 2017 – December 2019

Figure 9: Finland’s Export Destinations, 2018

Figure 10: Gross Debt to Income Ratio of Households, 2018

Figure 11: Share of Population by Educational Attainment (Population Aged 25-64), 2018

Figure 12: Employment Rate (Aged 15-64), 2009-2018

Figure 13: Government Spending as a Percentage of GDP, 2017

Figure 14: Dependency Ratio, 1950-2075

Figure 15: R&D Expenditure on Energy Technology (US$ Million), 2013-2017

Figure 16: Direct Government Funding and Tax Support for Business R&D, 2017 or Latest Available Year

Figure 17: Venture Capital Investments (US$ Million), 2018

Figure 18: Business Enterprise R&D Expenditure (EUR Billion), 2008-2017

Figure 19: Product Market Regulations, 2018

Figure 20: Average Tax Wedge – Single Person at 100% of Average Earnings with No Child, 2018

Figure 20: Average Tax Wedge – One-earner Married Couple at 100% of Average Earnings with Two Children, 2018

Figure 21: Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Million Tons CO2 Equivalent), 2013-2018

Figure 22: Share of Various Renewables in Finnish Electricity Production, 2018

Figure 23: Overall Share of Energy from Renewable Sources (%), 2008-2018

Figure 24: Finland – Political Events Timeline

Figure 25: Finland – Key Political Figures

Figure 26: Finland Parliament Composition (Number of Seats), 2019 Election Results

Figure 27: Finland – Historical GDP Growth, 2008-2019e

Figure 28: Real GDP and GDP Growth Rate in Finland (US$ Billion/%), 2014-2024f

Figure 29: GDP Composition by Sector, 2019e

Figure 30: Agricultural Output of Finland (EUR Billion/%), 2014-2019e

Figure 31: Industrial Output of Finland (EUR Billion/%), 2014-2019e

Figure 32: Services Output of Finland (EUR Billion/%), 2014- 2019e

Figure 33: External Trade of Finland (US$ Billion), 2015-2019e

Figure 34: Consumer Price Index and CPI-based Inflation in Finland, 2014-2024f

Figure 35: Unemployment in Finland (Thousands/%), 2014-2024f

Figure 36: Religion, 2018

Figure 37: Expenditure on Healthcare in Finland (US$ Billion/%), 2009-2018

Figure 38: Expenditure on Education in Finland (US$ Billion/%), 2007-2016

Figure 39: Internet Users (Millions/%), 2014-2019e

Figure 40: R&D Expenditure (US$ Billion/%), 2008-2018

Figure 41: Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Finland (Million Tonnes/%), 2010-2017

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