City Profile – Kolkata; Comprehensive overview of the city, PEST analysis and analysis of key industries including technology, tourism and hospitality, construction and retail.

Kolkata city (formerly called Calcutta) is the capital and the largest city of West Bengal state. It is known as the business, commercial and financial hub of eastern India due to concentration of information technology and telecommunication companies, and various other financial and commercial industries.


“City Profile – Kolkata” provides historical and forecast data on key city level metrics along with analytical coverage of the latest political, economic, social, technological, infrastructural, legal and environmental issues affecting Kolkata. The report contains detailed tourism, retail, construction, technology and public infrastructure data and insight into economic, social, and industry trends.


– Kolkata has a diversified industrial base with major industrial sectors including steel, mining, minerals, heavy engineering, pharmaceuticals, cement, textiles, food processing and jute. Increased investments and growing IT/ITes and manufacturing industry, strong consumer base, well developed labour force and large scale infrastructural and political upgradations in the area have supported the economic growth of Kolkata.

– West Bengal is one of the major tourist places in India as well as across the world. The state, which shares international borders with three countries, namely Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan, is also easily accessible by road.

– The construction sector is a key contributor for development in Kolkata and accounts for 6.1% of the area’s GVA

Reasons to buy

- Gain a comprehensive knowledge of future economic and demographic trends and understand the performance of various sectors within the city.

- Analyze and understand the business environment in the city to align your investment and expansion strategies.

- The report helps to drive a conclusion in choosing a suitable city to invest or expand according to your business structure.

- Explore new opportunities in the hospitality, tourism, construction, real estate and retail sectors.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

City Snapshot 2

PEST Analysis 6

Political 6

Economic 7

Social 16

Technology and Infrastructure 21

Communications 21

Internal Transport Networks 21

Connectivity 22

Airports 24

Ports 25

Business Environment Analysis 26

Travel and Tourism 28

Tourism Flows 28

Hotels 30

Attractions 30

Events 31

Construction and Real Estate 32

Investment 32

Real Estate Market 33

Retail 34

Retail Market 34

Consumption, Income and Prices 35

Appendix 36

Sources 36

Further Reading 36

Ask the Analyst 36

About MarketLine 36

Disclaimer 36

List of Tables

List of Tables

Table 1: Kolkata metropolitan area – key facts (estimates), 2017 2

Table 2: Kolkata metropolitan area – real GDP growth, 2000-25 9

Table 3: Kolkata metropolitan area – economic growth comparison, (Index 2010=100), 2000-25 11

Table 4: Kolkata metropolitan area — GDP per capita comparison (2000-25) (US$) 13

Table 5: Kolkata metropolitan area-employment structure (2000-25) (% of total) 15

Table 6: Kolkata metropolitan area-main universities, 2018 16

Table 7: Kolkata metropolitan area-population comparison (2000-25) (millions) 18

Table 8: Kolkata metropolitan area-population by age (2000-25) (% of total) 20

Table 9: Kolkata metropolitan area-mass transit network indicators, 2017 22

Table 10: Kolkata metropolitan area–Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport key indicators 24

Table 11: Kolkata metropolitan area-office rents, Q4 2017 27

Table 12: West Bengal tourist arrivals 28

Table 13: Kolkata metropolitan area- international arrivals through airport, 2016 29

Table 14: Kolkata metropolitan area- MICE and Other Events 31

List of Figures

List of Figures

Figure 1: Kolkata metropolitan area — real GDP growth, 2000-25 8

Figure 2 :Kolkata metropolitan area – economic growth comparison, (Index 2010=100), 2000-25 10

Figure 3: Kolkata metropolitan area – GDP per capita comparison (2000-25) 12

Figure 4: Kolkata metropolitan area-employment structure (2000-25) (% of total) 14

Figure 5: Kolkata metropolitan area–population comparison (2000-25) 17

Figure 6: Kolkata metropolitan area-population by age (2000-25) (% of total) 19


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